In spring, allergic rhinitis is easy to recur, how to take care of it?

  Allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis, but there are still big differences between the two. First of all, for chronic rhinitis, it has no significant symptoms. Chronic rhinitis is a chronic, diffuse inflammation of the nasal mucosa and submucosal tissues caused by the absence of accurate pathogenic microorganisms [1]. However, allergic rhinitis is often caused by allergens. Common allergens include pollen, dust, animal fur, etc. Some people with allergies will develop allergic rhinitis, accompanied by frequent sneezing, mucus nasal discharge, nasal congestion, and nasal congestion. Symptoms such as itching. Spring is the season when everything recovers. Under normal circumstances, allergic rhinitis often occurs in spring. So in the high-incidence season of spring, how should effective nursing measures be taken to prevent it?
  1. What are the treatment methods for allergic rhinitis?
  Before the treatment of allergic rhinitis, three auxiliary examinations are required: the first is the skin prick test; the second is the determination of serum specific IgE; the third is the nasal provocation test. Researches by related scholars have found that most patients with allergic rhinitis are caused by inhaled allergens, and the structure of the human nasal cavity has a defensive effect on the outside world itself. It can maintain the hygiene of the respiratory tract through its own nasal cavity cleaning, but when the nasal cavity appears When the disease occurs, various functions will be impaired [2]. The treatment of allergic rhinitis is usually based on anti-inflammatory drugs. However, it is difficult to control the method and dosage of the drug. It is difficult to kill the bacteria if the drug is not enough and the drug is used for a short time. Some residues will relapse. Prone to drug resistance. Surgical treatment is usually done with a nasal endoscope and saline drainage. After drainage, it can be anti-inflammatory, but the drainage requires multiple times, which is more painful for the patient, and if maintenance is not performed after the operation, the risk of re-infection is greater.
  2. How to prevent allergic rhinitis in spring?
  As the temperature continues to rise, the flowers are also showing a trend of vying for beauty, but in spring, while admiring flowers, we should always pay attention to the prevention of allergic diseases. It is often said that “I am easy to catch a cold, and it will be better if I take cold medicine”, but it is always repeated. After a detailed diagnosis and examination by the doctor, it was found that he was suffering from allergic rhinitis.
  There is a close relationship between allergic rhinitis and personal physique. For example, if the temperature drops sharply or encounters cold air suddenly, the disease will occur suddenly, and it will also stop quickly. In addition, spring is the season for outing and viewing flowers, it is very easy to come into contact with pollen, catkins and dust, and then cause allergic rhinitis.
  Due to drug treatment and surgical treatment, the recurrence rate is high, so for the prevention of rhinitis, physical therapy is better. The method of nasal washing with salt water has no side effects and can prevent and assist allergic rhinitis. However, when cleaning the nasal cavity, pay attention to choosing a good instrument for nasal washing, go deep into the sinuses and posterior nasal cavity, and make it complete and effective. The flushing not only has a good preventive effect, but also does not harm the nasal mucosa.
  3. What kind of care should be taken to prevent recurrence of allergic rhinitis?
  (A) strengthen the allergen awareness and the principles of
  spring is the season of lush flowers, pollen allergy is very easy, therefore, to pay attention to outdoor activities to reduce the amount of time and, For going out, then wear face masks, timely cleaning And bathing. Spring is also the season for dust mites. The air-conditioned rooms are full of dust mites. Thorough cleaning should be carried out in time to ensure normal ventilation, and personal clothing and bedding products should be cleaned in time and exposed to the sun. Mold is also a predisposing factor of allergic rhinitis, so be careful to stay away from mold. If the clothes are moldy, throw them away in time. When moldy occurs indoors, pay attention to disinfection with bleaching powder. Pets are also carriers of allergic pathogens. Therefore, it is also good to ensure that they do not come into contact with pets.
  (B) self-care and psychological adjustment
  due to illness brought discomfort to the body, easy to produce a negative, pessimistic mood of the treatment and rehabilitation of the disease is not especially meaningful. Therefore, the patients themselves can prepare more books, magazines, publications, etc., and listen to soothing music at the right time, watch entertainment programs, and communicate with others more often, so as to alleviate the patient’s negative emotions by diverting attention and be healthy and positive. The mentality of accepting treatment to help the recovery of the disease.
  (3) Diet guidance
  ”Illnesses come from the mouth”, the people rely on food as the day, and three meals a day are essential nutrients for humans. However, the daily diet of patients with allergic rhinitis should be based on light, nutritious foods, and eat more fruits and vegetables, but fruits and vegetables should also be selected that are not easy to cause allergies. For example, bananas, chestnuts, and peanuts are more likely to cause allergies. Food; eat more foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin C; you can also use more anti-allergic foods, such as carrots, honey, enoki mushrooms or onions. Try to avoid the intake of irritating foods such as cold, greasy, and spicy foods. Develop a healthy diet and a balanced lifestyle.
  (D) develop a scientific way of life
  people have different, physical internal factors cause allergic rhinitis, different physique, performance outside of the stress response is also different. Therefore, the regulation of physical fitness is also very important, which can effectively reduce the occurrence of allergic diseases. Patients should actively participate in various outdoor exercises to enhance physical fitness and improve immunity. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to a healthy lifestyle, prohibit smoking and alcohol, eliminate the irritation of the nasal mucosa caused by the intake of tobacco and alcohol, and use a small amount or no use of chemical substances or cosmetics. When washing the face, pay attention to pinch from the root of the nose and pull from the top to the bottom. The stimulating massage method makes the nasal blood vessels appear plump and congested, helps blood circulation, and increases the nose’s cold function [3]. When cleaning the nasal cavity, pay attention to using cold water to enhance the mucous membrane’s preventive effect on diseases, reduce the influence of bacteria or pollen, and prevent the occurrence of rhinitis.
  (E) life care
  with the quality of people’s lives improved, housing renovation is better, but do not pay attention to ventilation; With the accelerating pace of life, Cleaning time is also reduced, dust mites are also a large number of accumulation phenomenon. There are more house dust mites and house dust in allergen testing. Therefore, it is necessary to clean the house regularly to keep the room clean and tidy. Choose floor or floor tiles to avoid the accumulation of dust mites and house dust.
  4. Conclusion
  Allergic rhinitis is a multiple disease with a very wide clinical incidence and very difficult to cure. It is extremely harmful to patients. Generally, it will not only cause respiratory disorders, but also greatly reduce blood oxygen concentration, headache, dizziness, and memory. Symptoms such as decline will follow. In severe cases, it can cause otitis media, pharyngitis, or sinusitis, which can cause great harm. However, allergic rhinitis is a controllable disease. Although the recurrence rate is high, it is necessary to maintain good habits in daily life, stay away from allergens, listen to the doctor’s instructions and suggestions, and avoid recurrence, which can effectively prevent allergic rhinitis. Of episodes.