Arthritis mainly refers to a kind of orthopedic disease caused by inflammation, viral and bacterial infections in human joints or tissues. According to relevant data from the World Health Organization, there are currently more than 400 million patients with osteoarthritis in the world. Osteoarthritis patients in my country account for more than 10% of the total population, and the incidence increases with age. Arthritis can affect our daily life in a small amount, and cause serious consequences such as disability. Therefore, whether it is people with healthy joints or people who already suffer from arthritis, they must pay attention to daily care to reduce the chance of arthritis.
The daily care of arthritis includes the following:
Load less, exercise more
For the treatment of osteoarthritis, there is a pyramid model clinically. The most basic is health education and lifestyle changes. This is also the most fundamental treatment. The core of this treatment is “load less, exercise more”. In short, do less joint weight-bearing exercises, such as climbing, going up and down, running and jumping, carrying heavy objects, and squatting. These should be minimized. Exercising more refers to exercise muscle strength to increase balance, such as cycling, swimming, etc., which puts less pressure on joints, and can increase cardiopulmonary function and bone density, help muscles and joints take in nutrients, and improve flexibility and balance. movement.
Some activities in life cannot be avoided, such as going up and down stairs and squatting. When going up and down the stairs, the patient can go up and down level by level, and pull the handrails; squatting should take advantage of the support to reduce the force on the knee joint, especially the patella joint, and relieve the pain symptoms.
In addition, obese people must lose weight. Obesity will increase the burden on the joint surfaces, change the body’s posture, gait, and movement patterns, thereby accelerating the wear and aging of the joint structure, and indirectly affect the joints through other metabolic complications. Another study found that for every 5 kg weight loss, joint pain will be reduced by 40% to 50%.
There is no blood supply in our joint cavity, but nourishment by joint synovial fluid. Therefore, joints are very cold-resistant, and cold stimulation will accelerate joint degeneration. This is also the reason for the folk saying “old cold legs”. Therefore, you should pay attention to keeping your joints warm in your daily life, avoid air conditioning in summer, wear long-sleeved clothing in autumn, and increase warmth such as knee pads and waist pads in winter. You should choose a sunny place to live. The home must maintain good air circulation. The quilt should be covered for two weeks before going out to dry. Only by ensuring that the home is dry enough can we create good conditions for disease recovery.
It is recommended to eat more garlic, onion, lemon and other foods containing anti-inflammatory substances; eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, lean meat from poultry, cold water fish, and healthy oil sources such as olive oil, nuts, seeds and butter Pears, in addition to anti-inflammatory substances, these foods also contain anti-stress phytochemicals and antioxidants, which can enhance the body’s immune function and help the body resist infection; eat more lean meats such as chicken, grass-fed beef, turkey, etc. Protein and organic eggs help the body rebuild and maintain the cartilage in the joints; the joints also need water to maintain lubrication, so you should drink 1800-2000 ml of water every day.
Some foods can cause inflammation in the body and worsen joint pain. Therefore, patients with arthritis should avoid refined carbohydrates (white flour products), white rice, sugary foods and beverages, and fatty meat or whole milk products rich in saturated fat. Intake.
In addition, female patients with osteoarthritis should pay attention to calcium supplementation in their daily life. Male patients can test bone density. If osteoporosis has occurred, calcium supplementation is also recommended.
Rational drug use
Most arthritis patients go to the pharmacy to buy analgesics when the pain gets worse. Among them, ibuprofen and diclofenac sodium are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can only relieve joint pain and swelling, but cannot prevent joint destruction and deformation. The use of these drugs should be based on the principle of low-dose and short-term treatment; methotrexate, sulfasalazine, leflunomide, etc., can delay joint destruction and disability to the greatest extent, but it is possible to reduce and stop only if the dose is sufficient and the treatment is long. Use analgesics; glucocorticoids are the drugs with the strongest anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and they take effect quickly, but long-term high-dose use can cause side effects such as puffiness, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, etc. It must be applied for a short time under the guidance of a doctor. The specific medication varies from person to person due to different conditions, so you must take the medicine as prescribed by your doctor.