What to do if blood pressure rises and falls

  There are always patients in the clinic asking what should I do if the blood pressure fluctuates? For unstable blood pressure, it is necessary to actively search for the cause and carry out targeted care, especially for older patients, avoid excessive blood pressure fluctuations, otherwise it will easily lead to cerebral blood vessel damage, and even cause cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction and other complications .
  Instability of blood pressure can be seen in a variety of conditions and should be treated according to specific reasons.
  If there is an error in the self-measured blood pressure, you should ask a doctor for guidance and correction.
  Irregularities in life such as excessive drinking, smoking, overwork, staying up late, lack of exercise, and excessive salt intake. Comprehensive treatment measures should be taken, such as preventing constipation, proper exercise, proper rest, and elimination of excessive tension.
  Mood fluctuations and unstable blood pressure are related to mood fluctuations. Therefore, patients should adjust their emotions and maintain a peaceful state of mind.
  Irregular medications, such as not taking the medication on time, in accordance with the amount, taking the medication at regular intervals, or stopping the medication when the blood pressure is controlled well, these behaviors should be corrected. The correct way is to take the medicine regularly and quantitatively, after the blood pressure drops to a satisfactory level, change to the maintenance dose to continue treatment.
  Ignoring comprehensive treatment, some patients are pursuing “good blood pressure medicine” alone, or relying only on blood pressure medicines, and do not pay attention to combining exercise and diet and other treatment measures. In such cases, diet and exercise should be strengthened.
  Secondary hypertension Some secondary hypertension can cause blood pressure to be difficult to control and fluctuate, especially for young and middle-aged patients. Once it is found that the antihypertensive effect is unsatisfactory, the blood pressure fluctuates or stays high, it should be further detailed Check to find the primary lesions to achieve the goal of eradicating hypertension.
  The blood pressure of damaged target organs cannot be controlled satisfactorily for a long time, which can cause renal arteriosclerosis, renal tissue ischemia, and kidney disease will aggravate high blood pressure. Such a vicious cycle makes it difficult to maintain a relatively stable blood pressure. Therefore, renal function should be tested regularly, and the adverse reactions of drugs to the kidney should be paid attention to while effective and long-lasting antihypertensive treatment.