After entering the winter, when the cold wind blows, some people are prone to problems such as redness, tightness, tingling, burning, rough desquamation, etc. on their faces. Why are these people’s skin prone to this condition? The dermatologist said that it is possible that the skin barrier has been damaged, causing skin sensitivity due to weather changes. At this time, more moisturizers and less cosmetics should be used to reduce the burden on the skin as much as possible.
Damaged skin barrier
Slightly irritated, there will be an inflammatory reaction
The skin is composed of the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissues. The sebum membrane, intercellular lipids, natural moisturizing factors, keratinocytes, etc. in the skin are like lime, cement and bricks, forming a “brick wall”— —Skin barrier, which constitutes the first natural line of defense of the skin, can effectively protect the skin from external stimuli and prevent the loss of moisture in the skin. But if this barrier is damaged, various skin problems are prone to occur.
The skin is susceptible to external stimuli (such as temperature changes, too cold or too hot), causing redness, hotness, itching, tingling, etc.; there are obvious red blood streaks on the skin, the skin is tight and dry, and it is easy to desquamation. If the above-mentioned skin problems occur, it means people with sensitive skin. The skin’s responsiveness to external stimuli is enhanced, and a slight irritation will trigger the skin’s immune inflammatory response.
Repair the skin barrier to do so
The root cause of skin sensitivity is impaired skin barrier. So, how to repair the skin barrier? Wang Zhiqin believes that it can be repaired from six aspects.
1. Gentle cleaning
Sensitive skin is very fragile, so try to be gentle when trying to skin care. It is recommended to use functional skin care products. Functional skin care products are suitable for all people. Its ingredient formula is streamlined and open, highly targeted, and effective. It does not contain pigments, fragrances, preservatives or even surfactants, does not contain allergens, and is more suitable for people with sensitive skin.
2. Soothing and moisturizing
People with sensitive muscles cannot keep enough water due to the superficial stratum corneum of their skin. They are more likely to feel dehydration and dryness of their skin more acutely than ordinary people. If they do not replenish water in time, they are prone to various skin problems due to external stimuli. Therefore, people with sensitive skin should pay attention to long-term use of moisturizing skin care products to protect the skin’s barrier function.
3. Strict sun protection
Ultraviolet rays can also damage the skin barrier and cause various skin problems. Therefore, during outdoor activities, especially during periods when the ultraviolet rays are relatively strong, sun protection should be strictly done to reduce the damage of ultraviolet rays to the skin. When choosing sunscreen, people with moderate to severe sensitive skin are advised to temporarily use physical sunscreen (wear a sun hat, umbrella, etc.), and those with mild sensitive skin are advised to choose some simple physical sunscreen after applying basic skin care products. Reapply sunscreen, and stop using it immediately when abnormalities occur.
4. Simplify skin care
For those with moderate to severely sensitive skin, you should pay attention to simplification during skin care, and provide basic cleansing, moisturizing and other maintenance to the skin. Use BB creams and barrier creams with caution, and avoid all kinds of makeup as much as possible.
5. Regular work and rest, relax
Always pay attention to regular work and rest, ensure adequate sleep, avoid staying up late, eat lightly, avoid tobacco, alcohol, coffee, or a cold or hot diet, and avoid eating too many spicy and stimulating foods; at the same time, pay attention to relax and avoid tension, anxiety or emotions Excited and so on.
6. See a doctor promptly
When you suspect that you have a sensitive skin, and you don’t know how to do it, or you cannot know whether you are in a sensitive state of normal skin or a sensitive state (pathological) caused by other skin diseases (such as atopic dermatitis, rosacea, contact dermatitis, and eczema) Status), it is best to seek help from a dermatologist. The dermatologist will make comprehensive diagnosis based on facial rash, symptoms, medical history, etc., supplemented by dermatoscope, fungal microscopy, skin physiological index tests, etc., comprehensively diagnose, teach skin care and life precautions, and give personalized treatment plans when necessary.