Let’s talk about the construction of the Pyramid of Khufu
Today, there are still many mysteries about the construction of the pyramid, and the construction method is one of them. How did the ancestors continuously push the average 2.5-ton boulder to a height of more than 140 meters, and build a slope accurate to 52 degrees? What is the relationship between the slope and the volume of each stone, so that this great pyramid can stand tall for thousands of years?
In classical aesthetics, only when it conforms to the laws of nature is the height of people’s aesthetics. Regarding the slope of 52 degrees, someone has done an experiment in which fine sand is naturally flowed down from a high place, and the slope of the accumulated miniature sand pile is exactly 52 degrees. What is the relationship between this and the design and construction of the Great Pyramid and the aesthetic principles it contains? Who built such a grand and majestic project with such a simple artistic style? Unfortunately, the ancient Egyptians did not leave any records of the construction method.
There are indeed many perplexing mysteries about the construction of the pyramids on the Giza Plateau. The aesthetic significance of this cultural heritage left by the ancient Egyptians is worthy of further exploration by future generations.
Modern research on the Khufu pyramid group believes that it corresponds to the three stars on the belt of Orion in the sky. This is an extremely important discovery, because there is another wonderful example. The ruins of the ancient city 50 kilometers northwest of the Mexican capital Teotihuacan. The building orientations of the Kunziokot Pyramid, the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon in the city are exactly the same as the three major pyramids in Giza, Egypt. In other words, the ancient Indians also built the main building of Teotihuacan according to the arrangement of the three bright stars on the belt of Orion.
The starry sky has a psychedelic color. Because of the different strengths of the stars, the night sky is more like a hemisphere with many layers. We can’t figure out what kind of thinking and imagination it brought to the ancient ancestors, but it has The role of enlightenment will make the ancestors pour into creation with great enthusiasm and talent. The artistic thinking contained in it always makes future generations sigh “the intersection of man and god”.
The ancients used the superb professional knowledge that amazes the modern people, and spent a lot of money to build the magnificent architectural complex, which must contain some mysterious religious symbolic meaning. The gods worshiped in the Kunziocote Pyramid are the main gods of the Indians, so the actual function of the pyramid in Teotihuacan is a temple. So are the functions of the three major Egyptian pyramids temples or mausoleums? Is it the philosophical concept of the unity of man and nature, or a huge building that creates a ghostly underworld? There is a huge difference in aesthetics.
Regarding the pyramid built with huge stones, from the perspective of artistic thinking, its construction is extremely in line with the laws of nature. From the perspective of human spirit and psychology, we need to think deeply about which aesthetic direction it extends to. The extreme calmness of the form is shaped by a pile of stones of hundreds of millions of tons. The relationship between the two requires prehistoric ancestors What kind of psychological awareness?
Can it be inferred that people should still have a huge extravagant hope in building such a large-scale miracle in the world, that is, to make this pile of stones entertain the gods, so as to show their sincerity.
The Golden Ratio in the Design of the Puerta del Sol
If the religious meaning of the reliefs of the Puerta del Sol on the South American plateau is obscure and difficult to understand, if you explore it from the perspective of artistic design, you will find the intention of the builder. In the center of the lintel of the Puerta del Sol, carved It bears the image of the sun god (also said to be the rain god), which is enough to show its important position. If the sun gate is framed with the golden ratio of 1:1.618 (indicated by the white line), one of the rectangular sides is exactly from the foot of the sun god. pass. If our point of view is directly facing the Sun Gate, in this golden ratio, the right wall of the door opening is also covered with another golden ratio (indicated by the black line), but the left wall of the Sun Gate is broken and the situation is unknown. Slightly different from the golden ratio (indicated by the black line). Looking at the door frame of the Sun Gate, the position of one side of the golden ratio is also very interesting. According to scientific research data, the general height of South American Indians measured is between 160 and 170 cm, and the human point of view is just on the door frame The upper edge area of the inner golden ratio, according to the data that the ancient Indians generally have a height of about 165 cm, from a visual point of view, when people pass through the door opening, its width will give people a more comfortable feeling.
Let’s talk about the Sun God on the Sun Gate, its position is in the middle of the width of the golden ratio formed by the entire gate. Then move the golden ratio inside the door frame upwards, and when the sun god is framed, the lower edge of the golden ratio is just close to the upper edge of the door frame. Therefore, there is an assumption that the sun god is in another realm. The range of human vision is between the golden ratio given by the door frame and the golden ratio of the sun god. Whether looking up, looking up or looking down, the visual height is also at a very suitable angle. Psychology will exert a more powerful influence. It should be said that religious feelings have been amplified to the greatest extent in this way.
What’s more ingenious is that the dividing horizontal line carved between the lintel and the stone wall is very prominently emphasized to break the rigid effect of the concept formed by the use of the golden ratio in many places. At the same time, the carving style on the lintel also adopts a flat relief technique that is in harmony with the flat wall, that is, the shape of the relief basically does not use a curved volume, and the image design tends to be summarized as a geometric shape.
What kind of aesthetic theory cast ancient Indians who were still in the Stone Age? Probably intuition, it can be said that intuition is the basis of all aesthetics. The ancients directly integrated their devotion to gods and reverence for nature into their aesthetic consciousness, and they may not have really understood the golden ratio at that time.
It is important to mention here that the mathematical calculation of the golden ratio is the general perception of visual effects by later generations, and the cognition of it by the prehistoric ancestors shows the height of the culture at that time.
Let’s talk about the construction of the Pyramid of Khufu