Colon polyps are a relatively common anorectal disease. After the occurrence of this disease, people will have various symptoms of intestinal diseases, which will affect the quality of life. The early clinical symptoms of colon polyps are not obvious, leading to a high rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, which affects the later treatment. People need to understand the disease knowledge so that colon polyps can be diagnosed early in life, so as to provide support for later treatment.
Causes of colon polyps
1. Long-term diarrhea. The incidence of colon polyps is directly related to long-term diarrhea. If people have long-term diarrhea in their lives, they need to go to the hospital to diagnose whether they have colon polyps. Generally speaking, people’s unhealthy eating habits in daily life are easy to cause diarrhea, and long-term diarrhea can cause inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and cause colon polyps.
2. Long-term constipation. Constipation is also a high-incidence disease, but constipation generally lasts for a short time, and people are not paying much attention to the disease. Long-term constipation will cause feces to stay in the colon for a long time, leading to the retention of fecal toxins, causing chronic inflammation of the colonic mucosa. Under the influence of chronic inflammation of the long-term mucosa, colon polyps are prone to be produced. Therefore, patients with long-term constipation need to pay attention to colon polyps.
3. Dietary factors. The cause of colon polyps is also directly related to people’s long-term unhealthy eating habits. Related studies have found that if people use high-fat, high-protein foods for a long time, they are prone to colon polyp disease. Therefore, people need to maintain healthy eating habits in their daily lives, and they can eat more crude fiber foods in their daily lives. Such foods help intestinal peristalsis, facilitate defecation and reduce the incidence of colon polyps.
4. Fuzzy factors of bile metabolism. Disturbance of bile metabolism generally occurs in patients undergoing cholecystectomy. The patient loses gallbladder function after the operation, resulting in uninterrupted flow of bile into the intestine. The bile in the intestine has not been metabolized with food for a long time, resulting in excessive bile retention in the intestine. Colon polyps. Therefore, in the later recovery process of cholecystectomy patients, more attention should be paid to colon polyps to prevent the occurrence of this disease and harm their health.
5. Inflammatory diseases of the intestine. Inflammatory diseases of the intestine are an important factor leading to the occurrence of inflammatory polyps. Common intestinal inflammatory diseases such as intestinal tuberculosis, intestinal schistosomiasis, amoebic dysentery, Crohn’s disease, chronic ulcerative colitis, etc. may be Cause colon polyps. In addition, colon polyps are also prone to appear at the anastomotic site of colon surgery.
6. Genetic factors. Clinical data shows that about 10% of colorectal cancer patients have a family history of cancer. Similarly, if one of the family members has adenomatous polyps, the probability of colon polyps in other members will also increase significantly.
Treatment of colon polyps
Colon polyp disease can be treated conservatively and surgically. Generally speaking, conservative treatment is not effective, and it is easy to cause many complications and threaten people’s health. Therefore, surgical treatment is generally recommended in clinical practice. In the process of clinical surgical treatment, doctors will choose different surgical methods according to the specific conditions of the patient’s colon polyps to improve the treatment effect.
1. High-frequency electrocoagulation cuff resection treatment. The clinical effect of high-frequency coagulation cuffectomy is very obvious. Doctors usually choose two surgical methods, one is biopsy forceps removal, and the other is high-frequency coagulation cauterization. These two surgical methods are effective in treating single polyps or multiple small polyps in colon polyps. Therefore, patients with mild intestinal polyps may prefer this treatment method. If the patient has a large number of colon polyps, it can be treated in batches.
2. Endoscopic treatment. Endoscopic minimally invasive surgery is less invasive to patients, and patients recover quickly.
3. Surgical treatment. Surgical treatment has a large wound, and the patient recovers slowly after the operation, and complications are prone to occur during the postoperative recovery period, which affects the effect of surgical treatment. Therefore, under normal circumstances, it is not recommended for patients to use surgery to treat colon polyp disease.
In summary, colon polyps will affect people’s quality of life and physical health. Therefore, if people suffer from colonic polyp disease, they need to be treated as soon as possible to reduce the impact of the disease on the body. At the same time, people also need to understand the disease in daily life, in order to know the cause of the disease and prevent it, reduce the incidence of colon polyps, so as to ensure good health.