Are the Dutch ready for the new coronavirus?

Recently, the epidemic of new coronavirus pneumonia has affected many people’s hearts. In Europe, Germany and France have successively announced confirmed cases.

According to Dutch media reports, the Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) said that if a new coronavirus is suspected in the Netherlands in the future, more people will be checked.

Today this article leads everyone to understand the epidemic situation of new coronavirus from the perspective of the Netherlands. This article will answer your questions:

Q1. Why is this virus called coronavirus?
There are many types of coronaviruses that can cause lung and respiratory infections, of which MERS (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) are the most famous. In Wuhan, China, in December last year, the first people became ill with a new coronavirus.

If the new coronavirus is observed under an electron microscope, the protrusions of the virus are spherical. It looks a bit like a crown. The Latin name of the crown is corona, so the English name is coronavirus, and the Chinese name is coronavirus.

Q2. Does the virus mutate?
Many viruses change over time, but only viruses that have recently been transferred from animals to humans are likely to mutate. However, our main concern is: Will this make the virus more dangerous for humans?

It is reported that mutations may lead to reduced risk or other changes in the virus. Fortunately, we rarely see situations where viral mutations lead to increased risk factors. But from a prevention perspective, we must always monitor the virus closely.

Q3. How does the Netherlands view China’s anti-epidemic performance this time?
The Dutch noticed that the Chinese state media reported the outbreak more actively and proactively than in the past. Some foreign netizens even praised the CCTV Spring Festival Gala, saying that “Chinese Spring Festival Gala usually takes rehearsal for several months, but this time they filmed white angels fighting in the front line of Wuhan. China attaches great importance to this new coronavirus.”

In addition, social media has also contributed to the fight against the epidemic. For example, people can use social media to learn about public places where patients diagnosed with the new coronavirus have visited, and track people who have been in contact with patients. Many Chinese netizens have received push messages from Weibo to find passengers who travel on the same flight as patients.

Q4. What measures have European countries and the Netherlands taken to deal with the new coronavirus?
In Europe, London Heathrow Airport has set up a special monitoring point to detect passengers who landed in London from areas with high virus incidence. Turkey and Russia have adopted similar tests. But such detection measures do not apply to the Netherlands.

Harald Wychgel, spokesman for the Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM, het Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu) and also the Outbreak Management Team (OMT), said: “It is illogical to set up entrance inspections in the Netherlands. Unlike Heathrow Airport in London, which has direct flights to Wuhan, there are no such flights at Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands. In addition, detecting the fever of passengers is not a suitable move .Schiphol Airport has a huge passenger flow every day, but according to past experience, most of the passengers who have been detected as problematic are due to flu and cold. ”

In fact, during the SARS outbreak from 2002 to 2003, the Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands was screened for immigration. No nearly three million passengers were screened for SARS infection.

Passengers returning to France from China will get masks. However, the outbreak management team said the move was not very useful, and they only recommended masks for medical staff, airlines and airport staff.

Bruno Bruins, the Dutch medical secretary, said that airport and airline staff usually stay at the airport all day, and the exposure risks are different compared to passengers who only stay briefly at the airport. If a worker wants to wear a mask, it is the employer’s responsibility to provide it and explain its use.

The Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) believes that distributing masks to the public is of little use. People with good hygiene will cover their nose and mouth with their elbows when coughing and sneezing. There is no added value to wearing a mask compared to “having good hygiene, maintaining hand hygiene, and keeping away from the patient.”

In addition, it only helps when people use special masks that cover the nose and mouth well. The user must use the mask very carefully and change it regularly, which is almost impossible in daily life.

However, according to Dutch media reports, a Hague resident chose to wear a mask to protect himself from the new coronavirus, saying: “Because of confirmed cases in France and Germany, we were surrounded.”

Q5. How will the Netherlands respond if a new coronavirus case occurs in the Netherlands?
Officials in the Netherlands have classified pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus as a type A disease. Response measures include forcing (patients) into quarantine or home quarantine, compulsory examination, compulsory quarantine (including medical supervision), and prohibition of professional occupation.

As suspected patients of the new coronavirus need isolation, doctors should request tests from the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and Erasmus MC (Erasmus Medical Center) to identify patients if suspected patients are found Whether it is indeed infected with a coronavirus.

After the diagnosis is made, the Municipal Medical and Health Organization (GGD) will launch a “contact investigation” to determine who the infected person has contacted. Thereafter, those with a history of exposure must pay close attention to their health during the virus incubation period.

Isolation treatment is available at all Dutch hospitals, and Dutch Medical Secretary Bruins said in a letter to Congress that there are at least 200 special intensive care beds in the Netherlands to isolate potential patients with coronavirus. The Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) said that the Netherlands would not cancel cluster activities or close cities like China.

Q6. What protective measures can people take?
Keep in mind the two most important points:

Wash your hands often!

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow when you cough and sneeze!

For the rest of the protection recommendations, please refer to the above World Health Organization (WHO) tips on how to do a good job of protecting the new coronavirus.