Minneapolis City of “Death of Freud”

Located in the confluence of the Mississippi River and the Minnesota River, Minneapolis is the 46th largest city in the United States with a population of approximately 430,000. The “Freud Incident” overnight revived Minneapolis, a city that is old and young, rich and poor, simple and complex, “pure white” and “multi-colored” Show before the world.

The infamous 3K party ravages

Until the end of the North American War of Independence, this was a large tribe of Indians-a Sioux settlement among the Dakota others. In 1680, the French became the first Europeans to arrive here, and established the Lake City. In 1861, when the American Civil War broke out, a large number of refugees, dangerous elements, and exiles were expelled to the “reservation” of the Indian tribes, making the originally peaceful “Lake City” noisy and noisy. White towns appeared on many plots, and One by one merged into Minnesota. In 1865, the Civil War ended with the victory of the North. Steele, the commander of the fortress belonging to the Northern Federation, took the opportunity to act as a winner and threatened the local Indian tribe to “voluntarily” merge the remaining land into Minnesota. In 1867, the railway extended from Chicago to the north, and the towns, settlements, and fortresses surrounding St. Anthony Falls were merged into a city for the first time. This is “Minneapolis”, that is, “New City by the Falls”.

Minneapolis has long been known for logging. When the New City was established, it was an era of industrial revolution. At first, people built logging yards and sawmills on the Mississippi River, and transported the timber along the river to the downstream. Water flow drove the milling disc and developed the paper industry and flour processing industry. There is no need to build huge dams to generate electricity continuously, attracting foreign investors. In the early 20th century, it became the most famous industrial town in the central United States and the most famous and largest flour processing base in the world. The famous Filsbury Company processes 14.1% of the flour in the United States each year, of which 1/3 is sold overseas.

Since this is where the south and north, white and black, European settlers and Indians intersect, the “big dock” of fish and dragons was mixed with corruption, power rent-seeking and violence in the early decades of the city. The composition of white settlers in this city is very simple, most of them are Germanic from German or Northern Europe, so for a long time in history, the local regulations and industry regulations here openly wrote “non-white people are not allowed to stay” This is where the infamous 3K party and anti-Semitic groups raged. Until 1938, anti-Semitic groups rallied in Minneapolis, which was once called the “anti-Semitic city”.

Nightclub capital, hip-hop capital

However, it is also a city full of resistance and rebellion: as early as 1886, it had a maternity hospital that allowed unmarried mothers to see a doctor, and it was also one of the earliest in the United States; in 1934, the Minneapolis workers went on strike. Promote the adoption of laws and regulations that recognize the legitimate rights of workers in various parts of the United States Since the 1960s, it has also become the world’s most famous nightclub capital, hip-hop capital and LGBT paradise.

Minnesota is another city that has lost its historical memory: due to the decline of the flour industry, logging industry, and various manufacturing industries in the 1950s and 1960s, urban administrators eager to transform, regardless of strong opposition from all sides, made it mandatory in a short period of time. More than 200 old buildings in 25 communities in the city were demolished and razed, which accounted for 40% of the urban area at that time. Known as “older than Minneapolis”, the former stronghold of logging and limestone gathering, “Spirit Island”, disappeared forever in the rumbling blast of the National Guard engineers in 1960, and was once a “humane landmark” in Minneapolis. “The Metropolitan Tower that stands in the center of the city and the Gateway District known as the “Song of the City” no longer exist… When people finally start to regret the disappearance of historical memories, everything is too late. Perhaps because of this, it has become a “holy land” for radical environmentalists throughout the United States in recent decades.

Second most theaters and concert halls per capita

However, the transformation of the city’s new economy is more successful in a sense: the new “water city” is no longer an old industrial city filled with sawdust and flour dust, but a new economy with a sense of ownership. The western region is one of the best CBD areas and a modern city with white-collar workers. In this not-so-large city, the headquarters of five “500 strong companies” are gathered. For the past 30 years, the per capita GDP and per capita income have been among the top 15 in the United States. However, the above “success” and “wealth” have little to do with ordinary citizens: CBD is full of local and foreign elites, most of the beneficiaries of the “new economy” are theirs, and the poor, especially the minority, have not only gained much Improvement, many people also lost their jobs in the sawmill or bakery because of this transformation.

As a result, culture and art became the new sustenance of “old Minneapolis”, especially minorities. This is the second-largest city with the largest number of theaters and concert halls in the United States (New York is the most popular). Founded in 1915 and completed in 91, the Walker Art Center is one of the largest modern art museums in the United States. The art genius of Minneapolis Northeast Art Community is also the “best in the United States” admired by many American media. Art community”. The community art center where Princes and Dylan were born and the many unnamed bars and night scenes on the first avenue and the seventh street are countless unruly, self-confessed that they will be “the next Prince” The cradle of unnamed hip-hop, rock and various alternative music artists. During his lifetime, Prince repeatedly publicized the words and notes of ethnic minorities, segregating segregation and skin color discrimination, and echoed almost every night on the first night and the seventh street “night show” unknown hip-hop musicians and various In the melody of improvisation.