A boy who is 4 years old, often has nosebleeds recently. Although he can stop it quickly every time, he will always go back and forth, which makes Bin Bin’s parents very worried. The doctor carefully checked Bin Bin, and found that Bin Bin’s nasal mucosa was relatively dry and the blood vessels were brittle, and it was easy to rupture and bleed after a little touch.
The doctor explained that when spring and summer alternate, it is dry and windy, the temperature difference between morning and evening is large, and the nose is prone to bleeding. Children are naturally active and are more prone to accidents than adults. In addition, the nose is a relatively fragile part of the face, and slight nose care can easily cause nosebleeds.
The doctor reminded that if the child’s repeated nosebleeds are not treated in a timely and effective manner, they will cause problems such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, memory loss, and low immunity. Frequent nosebleeds in children can also lead to inattention in class and affect children’s academic performance.
Causes of nosebleeds
The causes of nosebleeds include local and systemic factors. In children with blood diseases such as leukemia, hemophilia, and aplastic anemia, in addition to signs of systemic bleeding, nosebleeds can also occur frequently.
Local factors mainly include mechanical injuries caused by rhinitis, foreign bodies in the nasal cavity, or nose picking. Children’s nasal mucosa is weak, and the submucosal blood vessels are relatively rich. When the mucosa is dry, the blood vessels’ fragility will increase. The bleeding site is mostly in the “Lee’s area” below the nasal septum, where there are blood vessels that converge into a mesh. Children who like to pick their noses may even directly damage the vascular plexus in the area, causing bleeding.
In the spring and summer, many cities will be full of fluff. The elderly, children, people with allergies and patients with respiratory diseases are prone to cough and rhinitis. When allergic rhinitis attacks, the nasal mucosa is prone to edema. Sometimes even a little rubbing or sneezing can cause blood vessels to rupture, causing bleeding.
In addition, incentives such as mood swings, fatigue, fever, and upper respiratory tract infection can also cause capillary congestion, expansion, and injury bleeding; if the child has bad habits such as anorexia and partial eclipse, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin PP and other intakes are insufficient. Increase the brittleness and permeability of capillaries, causing bleeding.
Nose bleeding, don’t panic
The doctor reminded that children with nosebleeds should not be underestimated. First, hemostasis should be stopped in time to avoid complications. Nose bleeding occurs in children, and it is easy to be nervous and panic. Parents should encourage their children to calm down, do not let them lie down, sit upright, and do not swallow nosebleeds. You can let your child’s head droop, and spit out the blood that has flowed into the mouth as much as possible, so as not to swallow the stomach and cause vomiting.
How to effectively stop nosebleeds
Use your index finger and thumb to squeeze the cartilage on both sides of the front of the nose to the middle, and compress the lower part of the front of the nasal septum for 10 to 15 minutes. During this time, you can’t let go of the hand to achieve the purpose of compressing and stopping bleeding. At the same time, a cold towel can be used to cool the forehead and the back of the neck to make the blood vessels contract and slow down the bleeding. Most children can achieve hemostasis with this method. Children with heavy bleeding or who are still unable to stop bleeding should seek medical attention in a timely manner.
To prevent children’s nose bleeding, parents should first correct their children’s bad habits of picking their noses, and actively prevent diseases such as rhinitis and sinusitis. Usually, give your children more vegetables and fresh fruits, eat less spicy and fried food, eat more crude fiber food, and add water in time.
Children with allergies should wear masks when they go out to avoid the large amount of pollen catkins entering the respiratory tract and causing allergic rhinitis. When necessary, follow the doctor’s instructions to use the relevant drugs.
The child should be urged to defecate regularly to prevent constipation, ensure the child’s rest time, and enhance immunity. For children with a history of nosebleeds, when the climate is dry, apply chlortetracycline eye ointment to the front of the child’s nasal septum, or use a physiological seawater nasal spray to moisturize the nasal mucosa to prevent bleeding.