Alzheimer’s disease is also known as Alzheimer’s disease. Once a person suffers from this disease, it will cause cognitive dysfunction, behavioral disorder and mental symptoms, etc., so as to lose social function and self-care ability, not only bring harm to one’s own health, but also increase the burden of family members.
Some people will say that Alzheimer’s disease is normal. Shouldn’t people suffer from memory loss when they get older? Why is it sick? Although it is normal for the elderly to have memory loss with age, if a disease such as Alzheimer’s disease reaches a severe period, it will not only cause memory decline, but also affect IQ, and make the patient develop symptoms similar to psychosis. Because people with Alzheimer’s disease, the brain will eventually retain only a relatively low-level basic functional state, and may have some aggressive behaviors, yelling, urinating and defecating, etc., and will continue to repeat the same actions. For example: flapping, tearing sheets, etc. The patient will eventually receive psychiatric treatment, so Alzheimer’s disease is not equivalent to the normal decline of the brain in the elderly due to age.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can generally be divided into the following stages.
The first stage is mild. This stage can last for 1 to 3 years. The main manifestations are: decreased judgment, inattentiveness to family and work, social difficulties, and inability to think on its own. It is relatively at a loss for familiar daily work, emotions fluctuate easily, and occasionally patients will be suspicious , Disorientation, reduced speech, etc.
The second stage is moderate. This stage can last for 2 to 10 years. The main manifestations are: impaired memory, impaired orientation of time and space, decreased self-care ability in life, accompanied by symptoms such as aphasia, loss of recognition, emotional disturbance and poor discrimination.
The third stage is severe. This stage can last 8 to 12 years, the main manifestations are: severe memory loss, life can not take care of themselves, incontinence, no talking, stiff limbs, if the patient is severe, the patient will also appear in a coma.
So, how to prevent Alzheimer’s disease?
1. Control blood pressure. Data show that people with high systolic blood pressure for a long time have a higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease than people with normal blood pressure. Therefore, to control blood pressure in elderly patients, it is best to develop the habit of regularly measuring blood pressure.
2. Protect the brain from brain damage. Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the nervous system, so it is necessary to protect the brain nerves. People should prevent accidents such as falls and car accidents that may hurt the brain in life.
3. Proper physical exercise. Physical exercise can promote the circulation of blood throughout the body and improve the body’s immunity. The elderly can perform some exercises appropriately, for example, clapping hands, turning head and neck more, standing more, etc.
4. Ensure adequate sleep. Some data show that ensuring adequate sleep for the elderly can reduce the load on the brain, thereby protecting brain tissue.
5. Change lifestyle. Such as non-smoking, balanced diet, controlled drinking, etc., eat more fruits and vegetables, it is best to eat fish twice a week, do not eat or eat deep-processed meat.
6. Maintain a good attitude towards life. Positive and optimistic emotions can protect the patients from various physical functions and at the same time reduce the pressure on the brain. Data show that women are more susceptible to Alzheimer’s disease because women’s emotions are more likely to fluctuate.
7. Control weight. Controlling weight means controlling fat, which is good for your health and not only reduces the probability of getting Alzheimer’s disease, but also reduces the probability of people suffering from other diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, coronary heart disease and so on.
It is hoped that the majority of the elderly population can do a good job of prevention, understand the harm of Alzheimer’s disease, and stay away from the troubles of the disease.