“The epidemic has been brought under control. I was initially more optimistic, but now there are asymptomatic infections. This makes me feel terrified and feel that no one is safe!”
“Will I be asymptomatically infected? What should I do if the infection is transmitted to my family?”
At present, the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic has entered the normalization stage. With the emergence of asymptomatic infections, many people have stress reactions such as anxiety, fear, and anxiety. They are afraid of encountering asymptomatic infections and worry that they will become asymptomatic. Infected.
In fact, these negative psychology is the normal response of the public under the current epidemic, and it is not a bad thing. It can help us face the danger squarely and take timely measures to protect ourselves and others. Of course, if there is excessive anxiety, fear, hypochondriasis and other mental states, it will seriously affect physical and mental health and normal life. Since nucleic acid testing is not universally available to all people, even asymptomatic infections may not be known to us. So, how do we face the invisible threat of asymptomatic infections?
First of all, we need to understand what is the asymptomatic infection of the new coronavirus. Asymptomatic infection refers to those who have no relevant clinical symptoms, such as fever, cough, sore throat, and other self-perceived or clinically recognizable symptoms and signs, but those who have tested positive for the pathogen of the new coronavirus in specimens such as the respiratory tract are also called “recessive Infected”. Asymptomatic infections can be divided into two situations: one is that the infected person has a positive nucleic acid test. After 14 days of observation, there is no self-perceived or clinically recognizable symptoms and signs, and the infection is always asymptomatic; the other is the nucleic acid of the infected person. The test is positive, there are no self-perceived or clinically identifiable symptoms and signs at the time of sampling, but then some clinical manifestations appear, that is, an asymptomatic infection state in the incubation period.
Second, we need to understand how infectious people are asymptomatic. The reason why asymptomatic infected persons are “asymptomatic” means that most of them carry a small number of viruses, and have no symptoms such as coughing or sneezing, so they are not prone to produce a large number of virus droplets, and their ability to spread the virus is weaker than that of symptomatic patients. Infected. However, normal speech and breathing can also excrete the virus, so asymptomatic infection is still the source of infection and is contagious.
Faced with the invisible threat of asymptomatic infected persons, some people may experience uncontrollable tension, worry, anxiety, and fear, always feel that they may be infected, and even complain and anger towards asymptomatic infected persons, and their emotions may become Unstable, irritable, impatient with others, and associate various physical discomforts with asymptomatic infections. In this regard, we can deal with and debug psychologically from the following aspects:
1. Rationally and scientifically understand the characteristics of asymptomatic infection and the law of virus transmission. Asymptomatic infections are those who have had close contact with suspected or confirmed cases, those involved in a cluster of epidemics, or those who have recently been to high-risk areas. At present, my country has adopted a large number of powerful and effective measures such as “focusing on tracing and strictly preventing imports”, so that this group of people will basically not cause a second outbreak of the epidemic, so there is no need to panic.
2. Take precautions issued by authoritative organizations in action: normal work and rest, ensure diet and sleep, while maintaining a good mental state and normal immune function.
3. Strengthen self-protection, wear masks, wash hands frequently, take body temperature, disinfect frequently, ventilate frequently, share meals, etc., stay vigilant and avoid fluke.
4. Pay attention to self-monitoring and do not ignore discomforts such as cough, fatigue, sore throat. Strengthen self-prevention awareness, try not to go to the complex environment where people gather, and avoid risks to the greatest extent.
5. Anxiety, fear, anxiety and other emotions are normal reactions of people. You can try to self-regulate, divert attention, and take the initiative to “jump out.” Such as proper exercise, reading books, listening to music, etc., not only can strengthen the body, relax and calm down, but also improve and soothe mood.
6. Don’t unreasonably associate your physical discomfort with asymptomatic infected persons, otherwise it will have a strong self-suggestion effect, which may lead to amplification of physical discomfort symptoms, coupled with fear and emotion catalysis, and “pseudo infection symptoms” “And other phenomena.
7. Positive self-encouragement. Under the epidemic, it is a good opportunity for oneself to experience, learn and improve. Positive self-encouragement will effectively enhance the sense of self-worth in extraordinary times.