“Lan Shou Shii Mushroom” is a hot word on the Internet. It became popular on the Internet because a guy in Nanning released a video about broken love. Due to the accent, “uncomfortable and want to cry” was called “blue thin mushroom” by the guy, and “blue thin mushroom” became a hot word on the Internet. So does “blue thin shiitake mushrooms” really exist in reality?
The original real body-Pleurotus hormanii
The colors of mushrooms that people see daily are mostly red and yellow, and blue mushrooms are relatively rare. It is Ferophyllum hosii which belongs to the genus Ferophyllum. The maximum cap of this mushroom is about 5 cm, but the stalk is very thin with a diameter of only about 5 mm. It is truly blue and thin.
The typical feature of Ferophyllum mushrooms, as the name suggests, is that the gills are mostly pale pink and reddish. Pleurotus hollandii is no exception. Its gills are still light red, but the whole body including the stalk is blue.
The blue color of Pleurotus hollandii comes from the chamomile blue chemicals in its body. Chamomile blue is an isomer of naphthalene. Naphthalene is colorless, but chamomile blue is dark blue, so the world There really are blue mushrooms.
Where can i find it
Such an amazing species grows in New Zealand.
Pleurotus hollandii was first discovered and described in New Zealand by the Austrian geologist and naturalist Christian Hochstedt, and the earliest article was published by the mycologist Owen.
As a country with peculiar biodiversity in the southern hemisphere, New Zealand is keen to promote the protection of its native biodiversity. To commemorate this bright mushroom that was first discovered in its own country, its image was painted on the New Zealand 50 dollar bill. In 2015, they redesigned the 50-yuan banknote, moving the pattern of Pleurotus hollandii from the corner to the middle, and also highlighted its blue color. In addition to banknotes, New Zealand Post also issued a commemorative stamp of Pleurotus hulkii in 2002.
Ferophyllum hormanii has an expression of “I am poisonous”, but there is no clear report about its toxicity and edibility, and there are indeed many species of Ferophyllum genus that are poisonous. However, this does not mean that the majority of foodies have no chance with it. Floatus hollandii still has the opportunity to show its talents in the food field. A metabolomics laboratory at the University of Auckland in New Zealand is studying the use of the naturally synthesized blue pigment contained in Ferophyllum hormanii to replace non-biosynthetic artificial pigments. It is hoped that the powder can be used throughout the year. The artificial cultivation of fold fungus and the extraction of pigments are used as pure natural pigment additives to enhance color in food cooking, food production, cosmetics production and other links.
Although Pleurotus hormanii is a saprophytic habit, its artificial cultivation is still relatively difficult. At present, its toxic properties have not been studied clearly. Therefore, if it is used for pigment extraction and preparation, and used in food, cosmetics and other production fields, it is still There is a way to go for scientific research.