With the continuous improvement of living standards, many people have begun to pay more attention to their health, and more and more people have begun to take the initiative to go to the hospital for physical examination, so that the diagnosis rate of early lung cancer has been improved to a certain extent. Unfortunately, after suffering from lung cancer, the first question of many patients is: “Can early lung cancer be cured?” What I said below may solve your doubts.
Smokers should be especially careful
In addition to endogenous factors, such as genetics and age, the incidence of lung cancer is mainly caused by smoking, environmental pollution, occupational exposure, chronic lung diseases, and genetic susceptibility. Smoking is the first high-risk factor for lung cancer. Smokers are more than 10 times more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers. In particular, the “3 20s” population, that is, those who have smoked for more than 20 years, those who have started smoking under the age of 20, and those who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day, are all high-risk groups for lung cancer.
It is worth noting that there are more and more non-smokers, female patients and young patients in lung cancer patients. The main reason is that they are injured by second-hand smoke, third-hand smoke, air pollution, indoor air pollution caused by house decoration and decoration materials, and kitchen oil fume. The survey shows that non-smokers have a 30% increase in the risk of lung cancer due to their husbands smoking.
Chest CT can help detect early lung cancer
There are no typical symptoms of early lung cancer. Most people just have an irritating cough and no other abnormalities. Because of this, the diagnosis rate of early lung cancer has been at a relatively low level. Only chest CT can detect early lung cancer. Through low-dose spiral lung cancer CT for early lung cancer screening, the early cure rate can reach 50%, and the cancer in situ can even reach 100%. Therefore, people at high risk of lung cancer, such as long-term smokers, family history of tumors, and occupational exposure history, should undergo chest CT examination once a year.
If there are small nodules in the lungs, don’t worry too much, it is not necessarily cancer. You only need to follow the doctor’s advice and review regularly. Even lung cancer has many new treatments.
Early lung cancer is mainly resection
In addition to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, surgery has become a more effective way to treat lung cancer at home and abroad. It can even cure early lung cancer and improve patient survival. With the advancement of medicine and technology, thoracoscopic technology has brought revolutionary changes to thoracic surgery. Under normal circumstances, only three 2 cm incisions are required to completely remove the lesion. This method has relatively small trauma and will not have much impact on the patient’s body, which is conducive to postoperative recovery. At present, the most advanced single-port thoracoscopic surgery has reduced the incision to only 1 and only 3 cm. Some patients have good skin healing ability, and even the wound scar can not be seen for half a year after the operation. Due to the small trauma of the incision, Many people in their 80s can undergo surgery successfully.
If the patient does not meet the conditions for thoracoscopy, and the small incision cannot guarantee the effectiveness of the operation, then traditional thoracotomy must be adopted. If the patient does not have the conditions for surgical treatment, such as too old, contraindicated in anesthesia, heart and lungs or other organs cannot undergo thoracotomy, etc., surgery should not be performed, and radiotherapy such as cyberknife can be used.
As long as early lung cancer can be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible, the chance of cure is very high. The 5-year survival rate is generally above 65%, and some have even reached 90%. Various tumors do not recur within 5 years after radical surgery, and the chance of recurrence is very small. Therefore, the 5-year survival rate is often used to express the efficacy of various cancers.
Prevent recurrence after surgery
Surgery has a significant effect on the rapid removal of tumors, but surgery can only remove the tumors visible to the naked eye, and there is no way to completely remove the hidden cancer cells that are invisible to the naked eye. Uncleared cancer cells may still grow and form new lesions. Therefore, there is still a high risk of recurrence after lung cancer surgery, and patients should pay more attention to their health after surgery. Within 5 years after surgery, they must consolidate treatment and check regularly. Under normal circumstances, lung cancer patients need to be rechecked every 3 months within the first year after surgery, and once every six months in the following year, after that, they need to have at least one chest CT scan every year, and this continues. But don’t worry too much, even if there is metastasis and recurrence, it can be treated as soon as possible.