Gallstones are mainly caused by stones in the gallbladder. The specific clinical symptoms are fever, jaundice and severe abdominal pain in varying degrees. At present, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the effective methods for the treatment of gallstones, but the postoperative diet care is also very important.
Patients with gallstones should fast for 1 to 2 days after surgery. After the operation, the patient’s gastrointestinal tract is under anesthesia and the digestive function is weakened. At this time, intravenous drip should be used to supplement the various nutrients the patient needs. On the third day after surgery, some patients will experience symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea, and their bodies are relatively weak. During this period, patients can be given some liquid diets, such as fruit juice, rice soup, soy milk, and lotus root powder, according to their actual conditions. If the patient has no other adverse reactions, he can drink an appropriate amount of skimmed milk, rice gruel, tofu soup and jujube puree rice paste, etc., and also eat some easy-to-digest pasta. Within 1 month after surgery, try to reduce the intake of fatty foods and stay away from frying and high-fat foods. After 1 month, the patient’s daily diet should be based on light and easy to digest food, eat as much fresh fruits and vegetables as possible, eat less animal oil and fat, quit smoking and alcohol, develop good eating habits, and carry out appropriate Exercise further accelerates the recovery of the body.
Specifically, the diet and care of patients with gallstones should pay attention to the following 7 points:
1. Drink plenty of water without holding back urine
Patients with gallstones should not hold back urine for no reason. Drink plenty of water to promote urination, expel carcinogens, stone-prone substances and bacteria from the body as soon as possible, and reduce the damage caused by holding back urine to the bladder and kidneys.
2. Eat less meat and animal offal
Meat foods produce uric acid during the metabolism process, and animal organs are high-purine foods, and high blood uric acid is produced during the metabolic decomposition process, and uric acid is one of the main components that form stones. For this reason, the daily diet of patients with gallstones should be vegetarian and eat more fiber-rich foods.
3. Low salt and low oil, scientific cooking
The daily salt intake of patients with gallstones should be controlled within 5 grams. In the daily cooking process, vegetable oil can be used instead of animal oil. At the same time, cooking methods such as boiled, fried, mixed, boiled, steamed, braised, and stewed should be selected as much as possible, and cooking methods such as roasting, frying, frying, and smoking should be abandoned.
4. Eat early for dinner and don’t drink milk before going to bed
In the process of gallstone formation, part of the risk factor is due to the rapid increase of calcium concentration in urine in a short period of time. Under normal circumstances, the body’s peak calcium excretion period is within 4 to 5 hours after a meal. For this reason, if dinner is too late and the peak of calcium excretion comes, the human body is in a state of sleep. At this time, urine will be retained in the bladder, urethra and ureters, etc., and cannot be excreted in time, which will increase to a certain extent. The calcium content in urine will form small crystals after long-term deposition. If things go on like this, the stones will be further enlarged. The 2 to 3 hours after the human body drinks milk is the peak period of excess calcium excretion by the kidneys. Therefore, patients should not drink milk before going to bed.
5. Don’t eat more sugar
After the human body eats a lot of foods with high sugar content, the oxalic acid, calcium ion concentration, and acidity in the urine will greatly increase. The increase in uric acidity will promote the precipitation of calcium oxalate and calcium urate to a certain extent, which is easier to form stone.
6. Eat more vegetables and fruits
Since fruits and vegetables contain a large amount of vitamin C and vitamin B1, their metabolites are alkaline, which can effectively promote the dissolution of uric acid, which can effectively prevent and treat stones. But be careful not to eat vegetables with too much oxalic acid, such as spinach and beans. This is because if the patient’s food contains excessive amounts of oxalate, calcium oxalate crystals will be formed in the urine if they cannot be excreted in time, leading to stones.
7. Low cholesterol diet
If the body’s daily intake of cholesterol exceeds the normal intake, it will greatly increase the metabolic pressure of the liver and gallbladder organs. At the same time, if the human body cannot clean up in time, it will cause too much cholesterol to accumulate on the gallbladder wall, which will form crystals and precipitate and eventually develop into stones. For this reason, patients with gallstones should reduce their cholesterol intake as much as possible after surgery, especially at night to avoid eating foods with high cholesterol content.
The postoperative diet and care of patients with gallstones will not only affect the effect of surgical treatment to a certain extent, but also affect the speed of recovery and prognosis. For this reason, patients with gallstones should develop good eating habits after surgery and strictly follow scientific dietary rules to prevent the recurrence of gallstone disease and promote physical recovery.