Remember Sherlock Holmes Forget Conan Doyle

  To this day, the virtual home of Sherlock Holmes, 221B Baker Street, London, still receives numerous letters every day, because a considerable number of people believe that Mr. Sherlock Holmes, the detective, is more than a fictional character in literature. He really is! It’s an honor for Sherlock Holmes author Sir Conan Doyle, but it’s hardly an ordeal.
  
  Sherlock Holmes prototype
  
  Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh on May 22, 1859. His grandfather was a popular cartoonist, and his uncles were also famous: the director of the National Gallery in Dublin and the designer of the famous British magazine “Clumsy” with illustrators and more. But his father was an unlucky civil servant who was addicted to alcohol. Because of the poverty of the family, Conan Doyle was educated at home in the early days, with his mother Mary to teach him. Mary is of Irish descent, with ancestry going back to the famous Plantagenet line. Doyle studied at the University of Edinburgh Medical School when he was young. He met Dr. Joseph Bell. Bell’s medical observation and reasoning skills were admired by his peers and, of course, young students were impressed. He later became recognized as the main archetype of Sherlock Holmes (along with Edgar Allan Poe’s Detective Dobin).
  In Conan Doyle’s 1924 autobiography, “Memories and Adventures,” he elaborated: “Now I feel I have the ability to make things clearer, more specific, and more refined. Gaborio’s interlocking plot fascinates me, and Edgar Allan Poe’s detective Dobin has been my hero since my childhood. But can I add my own? I thought of my teacher, Joseph Bell, who was impressive with his thin face, eccentric methods, and mysterious intrigues. But if he were a detective, his fascination would be greatly diminished, because that’s something bordering on pure science. I guess in real life this is all possible, so why don’t I apply it to fiction? It’s easy to say that a person is smart, but the reader needs to see examples – those examples Bell is giving us every day on the ward cite.
  
  Sherlock Holmes Appears
  
  Conan Doyle initially became interested in writing because it was a way to make money, but he wrote more than a dozen works with little success. The first novel was a treasure hunt set in South Africa, clearly influenced by Poe and Brett Hart, published anonymously in the Edinburgh Chambers Journal in 1879 .
  After that, Doyle continued to practice medicine and write as an amateur. But his medical career was not successful, but it just gave him more time to conceive and create during the long days of waiting for patients to come to the door. Between 1879 and 1887, Doyle published thirty novels, but the only one that really brought him fame was A Study in Scarlet.
  Like many works in the history of literature that were initially neglected and then rose to the top, Conan Doyle’s “Study in Scarlet” suffered three rejections, and finally the Ward Locke Company in London reluctantly accepted the manuscript in September 1886. Published it in the company’s own Beaton Christmas Annual, December 1887. In this work, the world-renowned detective Sherlock Holmes makes his debut. The Yearbook is a collection of short and long stories published by publisher S.A. Beaton in 1867. The payment for this work is £25. Annuals are priced at one shilling each, with color covers. The cover of this issue featuring Conan Doyle depicts the bad guy from A Study in Scarlet, heating a syringe with the flame of a hanging lamp. The annual sold out quickly, but not all because of the novel, which was far from a hit. The novel was published in a single volume in 1888, with illustrations by Conan Doyle’s father, Charles Doyle. Later, “Four Signatures” was published in the February 1890 issue of the “Lippincott Magazine” in Philadelphia, USA, which made American readers know the detective Mr. Sherlock Holmes for the first time. The work was relatively successful and was later published in a single volume.
  
  sherlock holmes fame
  
  In January 1891, George Newnes started the “Riverside Journal,” whose purpose was to publish a magazine in the style of the American publication “Harper’s,” with illustrations, and each issue of the magazine should end the story,” like a book”. Therefore, instead of serializing stories like other magazines, it publishes short stories. The first issue of “Riverside Magazine” sold 300,000 copies, which was unprecedented in the English-language magazine industry at the time, which proved that his publishing strategy was successful. Conan Doyle’s novel “The Voice of Science” was published on g]. The July issue of the same year published “Scandal in Bohemia”, which was a huge success. By 1893, the Sherlock Holmes story of “Riverside Magazine” was causing long queues, increasing sales by 100,000 copies per issue. Since then, Conan Doyle’s status as a generation of detective novelists has gradually stabilized. Most of his works were serialized in British magazines, and some were published in American magazines.
  The Sherlock Holmes stories that later became a series consisted of four novels and 56 short stories: After the first novel “A Study in Scarlet”, Conan Doyle wrote six consecutive short stories: “A Scandal in Bohemia”, “The Redhead Club” “The Missing Groom,” “The Mystery of Boscombe Valley,” “Five Orange Cores,” and “The Disappearance of St. Colaire” were of great interest and wide-ranging impact Riverside Magazine about Conan Doyle to write more similar stories for them. So Conan Doyle began writing the second batch of stories. The second batch of six, together with the first, was compiled in 1892 into The History of Adventures. At the same time, 12 stories headed by “Silver Horse” in 1892 were published one after another, and in 1894 they were compiled into “Memoirs” and published.
  In these famous detective stories, Conan Doyle applied the knowledge of deduction, detective science, criminology, psychology, geology, anatomy and other knowledge to reasoning and handling of cases, and also used the supporting role in the book – Doctor Watson, Sherlock Holmes’ interpretation and inference of the case is expressed in the form of the A-name memory, and is told to the reader by a person who experienced the crime scene. This not only increases the authenticity of the story, but also makes the reader feel immersed in the scene.
  
  The aftermath of Sherlock Holmes
  
  As a writer, Conan Doyle wrote many works in his life. In addition to the famous Sherlock Holmes series, he also wrote popular science novels, historical novels, romance novels, plays, poems, and many anti-war political theories, essays and other non-fiction class works. However, in his later years, Conan Doyle paid more attention to historical novels, and was deeply burdened by the fame of Sherlock Holmes, so in “The Last Case”, Sherlock Holmes and Professor Moriarty jumped and disappeared into the waterfall under the cliff. The move sparked outrage from readers, more than 20,000 people unsubscribed from Riverside Magazine, and even his mother protested. But Sherlock Holmes has become such a household name that some readers insisted on believing it was real. After the great detective “leaves” readers, the author continues to receive threatening and abusive letters. No wonder Conan Doyle’s wife once said that Sherlock Holmes has become a “curse” in their family.
  In 1901, when Conan Doyle heard a friend tell about the legend of Dartmoor, he conceived the magical story of a family being chased by a ghostly hound. , a work that succeeded in raising hopes for Sherlock Holmes in readers and publishers alike. In 1903, 44-year-old Conan Doyle finally arranged for Sherlock Holmes to return in the “Empty House Adventure” case, claiming that it was only Moriarty who died in the jump, and Holmes arranged for him temporarily for safety reasons because of the large number of enemies. disappear. This work, together with the 12 short stories later completed, was combined into “Return” in 1905.
  The Uncanny Valley was his fourth novel, completed in 1915. The “Last Regards” compiled in 1917 included 8 short stories. Because the background of the story was fully integrated with the political and economic situation at that time, it became a sensation after its release, and many people even thought it was real. The “Event Book” published in 1927 was his last work in his later years, with a total of 12 short stories. After that, Sherlock Holmes went “to live in seclusion in the countryside of the south of England, concentrating on the study of beekeeping”. From 1928 to 1929, Conan Doyle’s stories about Sherlock Holmes were published in the UK in two volumes, short and long, under the title “The Complete Works of Sherlock Holmes”.
  Due to the popularity of Sherlock Holmes by readers, Conan Doyle’s writing fees reached the highest level of literary writing at the time. An American publishing house is willing to buy the copyright of “The Hound of the Baskervilles” with only 100,000 words for $5,000, which is worth $50 per 1,000 words. A British magazine paid £100 for 1,000 words to buy the rights to Conan Doyle’s novels. This was an exorbitant price for the British publishing industry at the time, proving that detective novels had indeed reached the point of being popular all over the world. But author Conan Doyle, who also became a celebrity of public concern at the time, was far less famous and enduring than his eccentric detective.