“Little woman, big deal”

  Chimamanda Ngozi Adikie is a “post-70s” “beautiful writer” from Nigeria, Africa. However, these two fashionable titles can only highlight her youthful beauty and cannot sum up her literary achievements. Although Adikier has only published novels “Purple Hibiscus” (2003) and “Half Yellow Sun” (2006), a collection of short stories “The Thing Around Your Neck” (2009), the play “Because of Love” Biafra” (1998) and the collection of poems “Decision” (1998), as well as a few short stories and essays published sporadically, but she has won more than 10 awards internationally and has been nominated for more than this number . Critics point to her resemblance to Nadine Gordimer of South Africa and V.S. Naipaul of Trinidad and Tobago (both Nobel Prize winners), Washington Post ” regards her as “the descendant of another great Igbo novelist Chinua Achebe in the 21st century”, and some comments even compare her to “the Tolstoy of West Africa”. With so many honors and high praise, it shows that Adichie can be called a “little woman with a big hand”.
  Adichie was born into a scholarly family. His father was a professor of statistics at the University of Nigeria and was acting vice-chancellor, and his mother was the registrar at the university before retiring. The parents are Igbo from Anambra state, and they have 6 children, Adikie is the fifth. Adikie grew up in the university town of Nsuka and lived in the house where Chinua Achebe, “Father of Modern Africa, J. Pan” once lived. He studied at the primary and secondary schools affiliated with the University of Nigeria, and later here I studied medicine at the university for a year and a half, during which time I co-edited the magazine “Compass” with my classmates. ] At the age of 9, Adikier went to the United States to study at the private Dressel University in Fairfield, and two years later transferred to Eastern Connecticut State University, where he received a bachelor’s degree in communication and political science with honors in 2001 and a John’s degree in 2003. ·Master of Literary Creation from Johns Hopkins University, he became Princeton University’s 2005-2006 Hodder Research Grant recipient, entered Yale University to study for a master’s degree in African Studies in 2007, won the Mike Arthur “Genius” Fund in 2008, and served as a Visiting Writer at Wesleyan University.
  Aditi has loved writing since she was a child, and writing has brought her unparalleled psychological satisfaction and a sense of achievement. But for aspiring writers, Nigeria from the 1980s and 1990s until the turn of the century was no paradise. Political dictatorship, official corruption, oil crisis, inflation, etc. led to political turmoil and economic collapse, causing the domestic book market to shrink and publishing houses to close. Many writers were imprisoned, tortured, and even forced to go into exile because of their misdeeds. It is not difficult to understand that although Adichie’s creative career started in Nigeria, she developed and succeeded overseas. Except for “Because of Biafra”, her works were first published in the United Kingdom and the United States, and were only published in China after they were enthusiastically sought after. . It can be said that the overseas study and life experience opened the door to the world of literature for Aditi, which not only allowed her to enjoy the freedom of creation and publication, but more importantly, it enriched her experience and broadened her horizons. The creative view, especially the observation and understanding of Nigeria’s history and current situation, presents a breadth and depth that is rarely seen among contemporary Nigerian writers.
  In terms of creative ideas and creative methods, Adichie is eclectic and inclusive, the Russian writer Turgenev, the French writer Flaubert, the British writer Graham Green, the American writer Bernard Malamud, Tony Mo Lisson and Paula Marshall, Colombian writer García Marquez, Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe, Kenyan writer Binyavanga Weina, etc. are all examples and inspirations for her to learn from. source. Among them, Achebe, who was also an Igbo ethnic group, was the one who had the greatest influence on her. He was the first to write “an English novel from the inner world of Africans” and devoted his life to political and social issues in Nigeria and the world. Running around and reading his works gave Adichie the courage to write on a subject she was familiar with: the history and realities of post-colonial Nigeria and the African continent. Adichie positions herself as a writer who writes realistically in the context of Africa. In her opinion, Africa is a continent with scarce resources and man-made disasters, where life and politics are inseparable, which is doomed to her works. It has clear social references and political demands. Dedicating equal attention to private spaces such as the home as the wider public realm, Adikie explores the role historical colonialism and contemporary political corruption play in Nigeria’s various conflicts and problems, but she refuses to simplify matters and The answer is simple. At the same time, Aditière is opposed to sacrificing literature for the sake of politics. She appreciates literary works that are calm, detailed, superior in story and style, and have artistic value, especially those that convey political ideas and moral concerns in a quiet way creative style. Her work is such a successful practice.
  ”Purple Hibiscus” is Aditière’s first novel, nominated for the Booker Award in the United Kingdom and the Best Book for Young Readers in the United States, and a finalist for the Orange Broadband Award and the John Llewellyn Rees Award in the United Kingdom. And finally won the Heston/Wright Bequest Award for the first novel and the Commonwealth Writers Award for the best debut novel, which made her an instant hit in the international literary world. Set in the turbulent political situation in Nigeria in the 1990s, the novel tells the story of her upbringing with her 17-year-old brother, Gaja, through the eyes of 15-year-old heroine Kambili. His father was a wealthy factory owner and a fanatical Catholic, generous, actively involved in charitable and political activities, and had an excellent reputation in society, but at home, he practiced an iron-fisted dictatorship, created a devout religious atmosphere, and would worship Islam. The “pagan” grandfather of the Bo people’s traditional culture refuses to go out and disciplines his children with violence at every turn. One day, there was a coup in Nigeria, the current government was overthrown, and the father sent the brother and sister to the aunt’s house to live temporarily. My aunt was an enlightened university teacher, and the house was always full of laughter and noise, as if the siblings had been transported into another world. The brothers and sisters realized that their father’s control and domestic violence not only took a toll on them physically and mentally, but also distorted the normal relationship between family members, and they began to question their father’s authority. At the end of the novel, her father was poisoned, and Gaja was put on the back of the pot and imprisoned. Facing such a major change, Cambili, her mother, and her brother finally broke through the silence and separation between each other and regained harmony. The affection and laughing attitude towards life.
  ”Purple Hibiscus” is a coming-of-age novel, but it is only a superficial narrative. The small family environment in which the brothers and sisters live is actually a microcosm, or even a metaphor, of the social environment. The authoritarian and violent father’s at home coincides with British colonial rule and The oppression of marginalized groups in Nigerian patriarchal culture. Through the complex dual personality of the father, the novel integrates themes of family, religion, politics and tolerance, highlighting the social disorder in Nigeria caused by historical, political and economic factors in the 1980s and 1990s. Autocracy and oppression in the public and private fields are in fact a heterogeneous and isomorphic relationship. “Purple Hibiscus” is a flower cultivated by my aunt. It has rare and fragrant characteristics and implies freedom. The novel uses this as the title to symbolize the brother and sister’s challenge to the father’s authority, as well as the Nigerian people’s efforts to get rid of colonialism and autocratic rule. hope.
  Nigeria is a multi-ethnic country. Among the more than 250 ethnic groups, the Hausa Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo are the three largest. Disputes and conflicts between the three often cause unrest in the entire country. Adikie, who is an Igbo ethnic group, is sensitively aware that ethnic conflict is a major problem plaguing Nigeria. Her short stories “That Morning With Hamadan Wind” (2002), “Half-Yellow Sun” (2002) and “Ghost” (2004) are all about the civil war in Nigeria in the 1960s caused by ethnic issues. The play “Because of the Love of Biafra” also has the background of the civil war: the Igbo community declared independence and established the Biafra Republic. Starvation and disease claimed the lives of several family members and shattered Biafra’s hopes; nonetheless, Adaobi considered herself a permanent Biafra and severed ties with her Hausa boyfriend. This “too sensational” work, together with the above-mentioned short stories, paved the way for the creation of the second full-length novel “Half-Circle Yellow Sun”. “Half-round Yellow Sun” achieved a more sensational success than “Purple Hibiscus”: after its publication at the end of 2006, it was popularized by the famous British TV program “Reasonable”.

Chad and Judy Book Club”, tops the bestseller lists in both the UK and the US, nominated for the James Tate Black Memorial Award and the International Dublin Award, entered the American Book Critics Association Award and the Best Work by a Commonwealth Writer Shortlisted for the award, winner of the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, the International PEN “Beyond the Edge” Award and the Orange Broadband Fiction Award.
  ”Half-Yellow Sun” is composed of four parts, spanning the entire 1960s. Through the perspectives of three completely different characters, they weave their experiences and knowledge in the civil war into a shocking story: 13-year-old Ugu The son of a college teacher, Odenibo, from a remote, impoverished village, he was conscripted by the Biafran army and survived a gruelling battle: the beautiful, rebellious Orana gave up her superiority. Living rich and living with Odenibo, a charismatic revolutionary and radical anti-colonial; introverted and shy Englishman Richard loves traditional Ibo Uku art and is fascinated by it. On the enigmatic Kenene, Orana’s twin sister. In the whirlpool of war, these characters have experienced joys and sorrows in unimaginable ways, their love and loyalty to each other are tested, their self-images are challenged, and in the process of coping with the great changes in their lives, they have experienced personal and ideological changes. Growth, change and maturity. Adikier focuses both on writing about the devastating aftermath of the Biafra War, and at making the reader realize that death was not the only thing that happened to people during the war, who lived, loved, and dreamed. The novel is titled “Half-Yellow Sun”, the national flag of Biafra, and on the basis of being faithful to historical facts, fictional details are added to show the deep historical truth, aiming to inspire readers to think about moral responsibility, the end of colonialism, The process and the way in which national loyalty, race, class and gender issues, and love, kinship, and friendship complicate it all, are epic masterpieces.
  Adikie has repeatedly written about the Nigerian Civil War because, in her view, the fierce democratic struggles and social crises caused by military rule over the past two decades are rooted in this historical event. Many of the important political issues in Nigeria today, from the division of jurisdictions to the distribution of oil revenues, are better explained if the pre- and post-civil war factors are taken into account. Adikie believes that only on the basis of a correct understanding of the past can the Nigerian people understand the present, look forward to the future, and show extraordinary insights. As Chinua Achebe puts it, “We don’t generally associate wisdom with newbies, but this rookie writer has the flair of an ancient storyteller… She’s fearless, otherwise she wouldn’t explore chilling The Horror of the Nigerian Civil War. Adige’s fledgling, but almost mature.”
  That Thing Around Your Neck is a collection of Adige’s recently published short stories, nominated for the Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award , and was shortlisted for the John Llewellyn Rees Award and the Commonwealth Writers Award for Best Writing. This collection includes her latest creation of “Trembling” and 11 published short stories, which can be roughly divided into three categories: “Monkey Jumping Mountain” is set in a tourist resort in Cape Town, South Africa, and tells the story of a British professor. Organized the African Writers PEN Club, selected the stories of the works required by the magazine, and revealed the discriminatory expectations and regulations of Western countries for African writers and works, which can be said to be Adichie’s personal experience; Nigeria is the background, involving themes such as civil war, the growth of teenagers, ethnic conflicts, colonialism, autocratic rule, etc., in the same vein as Adikie’s two novels; the other six, such as “The Thing Around Your Neck”, are Taking the United States as the background, it reflects the discrimination, abuse, economic difficulties, language differences, cultural conflicts, identity and other issues encountered by the first generation of Nigerian immigrants, showing Adikie’s experience and thinking of studying and living in the United States for many years. These short stories are exquisite in structure, delicate in emotion, and the details are particularly touching. They are not only excellent works of this genre, but also full of suspense and imagination, and fully capable of developing into long novels. Adichie revealed that her next novel will focus on Nigerian immigrants in the United States. Maybe the seeds of the next big story have been sown in this collection of short stories, let’s wait and see.