These skills must be learned at critical moments to save lives

  At present, there are 230 million people with cardiovascular disease in my country, and the survival rate of sudden cardiac death occurring outside the hospital is less than 1%.
  So, how should patients who encounter cardiac and respiratory arrest be rescued?
  First, conduct a safety assessment before rescue. Pay attention to the safety of yourself and the wounded to prevent other dangerous situations.
  Second, determine whether the patient is still conscious, and the injured cannot be shaken violently in the process. If the patient suffers from cardiac and respiratory arrest caused by trauma, the shaking may cause trauma to the patient’s cervical spine, and even lead to high paraplegia. Therefore, it is recommended to pat the patient’s shoulders and shout loudly to see if they are still conscious.
  Third, seek help from the person next to you. If there is no other person nearby, you can call for help first, and at the same time dial 120 for help.
  Fourth, determine whether the patient is still breathing. Look directly at the patient’s chest or abdomen to observe whether there is breathing movement. The evaluation time is 5-10 seconds. If the patient is not breathing or has dying sighing breathing, he is considered to have suffered cardiac arrest.
  The most important thing is to perform cardiac resuscitation. “In the middle of the chest, press firmly and quickly. The chest rebounds without interruption.” Place your hand in the middle of the patient’s chest and close to the middle and lower sternum, avoiding the end of the sternum as much as possible, and press the palm base with both hands, pressing hard and quickly (100~ 120 times/min), press the chest without interruption, the depth of compression should be at least 5 cm, and the depth of compression for children and infants should reach about one-third of the depth of the chest.