Vaginitis is a common gynecological disease characterized by increased vaginal discharge. It may be caused by infections of various pathogens, or may be related to factors such as patient hormone levels and external stimuli. Patients may have symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria. Some patients may also experience varying degrees of pain during intercourse, a small amount of vaginal bleeding, vulvar and vaginal itching and burning sensation.
There are 4 common types
The clinical characteristics of different types of vaginitis are different, the common ones are the following:
Gonorrhea vaginitis Gonorrhea vaginitis is mainly caused by diplococcus gonorrhoeae, which can be transmitted through chaotic and unclean sexual intercourse. There are also a small number of patients who wear swimsuits infected with gonococcus, or come into contact with toilets, bathtubs and other indirect infections contaminated with gonococcus. The symptoms often include lower abdominal pain, increased vaginal discharge that is purulent or serous, and vaginal lipstick swelling and pain. If not treated in time, it can turn into chronic gynecological inflammation. Infertility or ectopic pregnancy can occur in 10% to 20% of patients. The focus of prevention and treatment is to avoid unclean sex, wear breathable clothing, and prevent infection in public places.
Mycotic vaginitis Mycotic vaginitis is mainly caused by Candida albicans. 10% to 20% of non-pregnant women and 30% of pregnant women have this bacteria in the vagina, but the amount of bacteria is small and does not cause symptoms. Only when the immunity of the whole body and the vagina is reduced and Candida albicans multiplies, it will cause the symptoms of vaginitis. The typical symptoms are vulvar itching, and the pruritus symptoms are mild and severe, and stop when they occur. When the pruritus is severe, restless sitting or sleeping, sleeping and eating, and painful urination and sexual intercourse may also occur when the inflammation is severe. Patients may also have increased leucorrhea, which is like bean dregs or curds. The focus of prevention and treatment is not to abuse antibiotics, actively treat diabetes, and improve immunity.
Trichomonas vaginitis Trichomonas vaginitis is usually caused by Trichomonas vaginalis and is contagious. It is transmitted through sexual intercourse and indirect transmission. Patients often have symptoms such as increased vaginal discharge and genital itching. Leucorrhea is grayish-yellow or yellow-green foamy, with peculiar smell, and may be accompanied by bloodshot eyes in severe cases. Occasionally, frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, hematuria, or abdominal pain, diarrhea, mucous stools, etc. may occur. It should be noted that men who are infected with Trichomonas are generally asymptomatic and tend to become the source of infection. Therefore, the focus of the prevention and treatment of this disease is to treat sexual partners at the same time, prevent repeated transmission to women, and prevent transmission in public places.
Senile vaginitis Senile vaginitis is common in elderly women after menopause. The main symptoms are increased vaginal discharge and genital itching and burning. The principle of treatment is to supplement estrogen, enhance vaginal resistance, and inhibit bacterial growth. The prevention of this disease lies in paying attention to hygiene and improving immunity. Avoid scalding with hot water due to itching of the vulva, which will dry and rough the skin of the vulva, and the itching will become more obvious soon. Of course, the diagnosis of this disease and the specific treatment plan should be determined by a professional doctor in conjunction with the examination results.
Daily care needs attention
While receiving treatment, patients should pay attention to daily care, mainly in the following aspects:
psychological care patients should stabilize their emotions, relax their moods, correctly understand that vaginitis is a common disease in gynecology, and avoid tension and anxiety. Because psychological factors will also reduce the body’s immunity, allowing pathogens to take advantage of the deficiency.
Drug nursing patients should follow the doctor’s advice during the treatment process, and take a sufficient amount of medication to avoid incomplete treatment. For patients who use vaginal topical medicine, they must pay attention to hand hygiene to reduce the chance of infection. You can take the squatting position when taking the medicine. After cleaning the vagina with the solution recommended by the doctor, the medicine is delivered to the posterior fornix of the vagina.
Life care Most of the onset of vaginitis is related to personal hygiene. Therefore, patients must pay attention to health care in their daily life, avoid pathogen invasion, continuously enhance their physical fitness, and prevent recurring symptoms. Try to avoid wearing nylon or chemical fiber underwear, and avoid wearing tight jeans. During the treatment period, sex life must be prohibited; when the doctor allows sex life, condoms should be used to prevent cross-infection. Patients should avoid bathing and vaginal medication during menstruation. All personal hygiene products such as bath tubs and bath towels must be dedicated to dedicated personnel, and shoes and socks must not share the same basin with underwear and other personal clothing. Patients with vaginitis must remember not to swim in public swimming pools and other places to protect their health and the health of others.
Diet and Nursing Diet should be light and nutritious, avoid spicy food.