An important cornerstone of the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The disappearance of the demographic dividend, the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, and the arrival of the industrial Internet era have made the Industrial Internet the second half of the Internet, and giants are vying to enter the game. Leading industrial enterprises represented by Siemens, Sany Heavy Industry, Foxconn, Haier, etc., regard the industrial Internet as their own home field; large Internet companies headed by BAT are trying to find the consumer Internet when it is approaching the ceiling. A new blue ocean; ICT companies represented by Huawei, Inspur, UFIDA, etc., hope to gain a share of this emerging market through their own digital technologies.
As early as August 2000, some American scholars put forward the concept of Industrial Internet. The basic idea is to construct complex physical equipment and networks, including sensors and software, into an industrial systemic whole, combining big data and machine learning. , M2M, etc. are all integrated together to use the data and information obtained to control and adjust the equipment to get the most optimized results. The ultimate goal is to construct an enterprise-level integrated industrial system. General Electric first proposed the concept of the Industrial Internet in 2012, and defined it as the fusion of the achievements of the Industrial Revolution and the Internet Revolution. With the deepening of the industrial Internet industry practice, the China Industrial Internet Industry Alliance has embodied the “industrial revolution achievements” in this definition as industrial economy, and embodied the “Internet revolution achievements” as a new generation of information and communication technology. Definition of the application form of the Internet.
The Industrial Internet consists of three parts: network, platform, and security. Among them, the network is the foundation, the platform is the core, and the security is the guarantee. “Network” is an extensive interoperability system that realizes the entire industrial system, the entire industrial chain, and the entire value. By creating a low-latency, high-reliability, and wide-coverage network infrastructure, the seamless transmission of information and data in all aspects of production and all elements, thus supporting the formation of a production model of real-time perception, collaborative interaction, and intelligent feedback.
Industrial Internet security that cannot be underestimated
In 2022, following giants such as Toyota and Coca-Cola, the hacker group will target Foxconn. Global manufacturing giant Foxconn has confirmed that one of its factories in Mexico suffered a ransomware attack in late May. The hacker group encrypted about 1,200 servers at the factory, stole 100 GB of unencrypted files, deleted 20TB to 30TB of backup content, and demanded a ransom of 1,804.0955 bitcoins, or about 230 million yuan. According to foreign media reports, the ransomware attack once caused the factory’s business to be interrupted.
With the development of industrial digitization, especially under the trend of blurred network boundaries brought about by the popularization of enterprise cloud, industrial Internet, Internet of Vehicles, and Internet of Things, attacks on the virtual world will likely be transformed into harms in the physical world. The importance of Internet security cannot be overstated.
Compared with developed countries, the independent research and development capabilities of software and hardware products in my country’s industrial Internet security industry are insufficient, and there are still gaps in core technology, industrial scale, promotion and application; high-end key basic equipment, control systems, software and platform markets It has been occupied by foreign products for a long time, such as the micro control unit (MCU), digital signal processor (DSP), field programmable gate array (FPGA) and other core components in industrial control systems. Control system (SCADA), programmable logic controller (PLC), distributed control system (DCS), process control system (PCS), etc. rely more on foreign supply.
At present, software is defining the entire enterprise, industry and industry. With the continuous development of digitalization, the object of industrial Internet security protection is being upgraded from computer security and network security to digital security. From the perspective of industrial production, the networking of devices and the clouding of enterprises accelerate the transmission and extension of security risks, and the network attack surface continues to expand from the border to the core. Compared with the traditional “post-event remedy” measures, the security needs of the new industrial Internet must move from “scattered construction” to “global construction”, so that the industrial Internet can truly become the cornerstone of my country’s digital construction, and it is also the rigid demand of my country’s industrial credit innovation.
From scratch to make up for weaknesses
”Currently, the development of my country’s industrial Internet is in the critical period of starting exploration and turning to scale development.” Wang Peng, a first-level inspector of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that in the past five years, my country’s industrial Internet has grown from nothing, and gradually formed its own understanding system, realization path and practical results, which has effectively promoted the digital transformation of the industry. and high-quality economic development.
According to reports, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has promoted the construction of nearly 2,800 5G virtual private networks and hybrid private networks, with high-quality external networks covering more than 300 cities across the country. The formation of the industrial Internet platform system has been accelerated, with 32 key platforms connecting more than 79 million devices (sets) and serving more than 1.6 million industrial enterprises.
While the scale is rapidly rising, my country still has shortcomings in edge intelligence, industrial big data analysis, and industrial mechanism modeling in the field of industrial Internet. At present, the leading domestic industrial Internet platforms are basically built on foreign basic industrial systems, and the industrial chain of “one hardware + one soft + one network + one security” that the industrial Internet platform relies on is mainly controlled by others. Data shows that more than 95% of my country’s high-end PLC and industrial network protocol markets are monopolized by foreign manufacturers such as GE, Siemens, Rockwell, and Schneider. Local brands are mainly concentrated in the domestic low-end industrial control system market.
More than 90% of my country’s CAD, CAE, MES, PLM high-end industrial software market is monopolized by foreign manufacturers such as SAP, Siemens, Dassault, PTC, etc. The industrial software of local enterprises is mostly concentrated in the management category, which is insufficiently integrated with industrial scenarios and industry experience . Due to this restriction, my country’s industrial Internet database security, data transmission security, data rights security and other information security and the corresponding industrial security are more lagging behind. On the whole, the hollowing out of the basic technology of my country’s industrial Internet is serious.
Fortunately, in addition to the continuous introduction of support policies by relevant departments over the years, software and hardware companies have also made concerted efforts to “make up for shortcomings”. In the field of software, Zhongwang Software has an independent 3D geometric modeling core, independent intellectual property rights for core technologies, and underlying development capabilities. The core product modules do not depend on third-party suppliers; in terms of hardware, Dongtu Technology released China’s first technology not long ago. The self-designed TSN chip KD6530 became the first TSN chip to enter the list. This marks the official entry of domestic chips into the commercial field of TSN, kicks off the large-scale commercial application of domestic TSN, and breaks the long-term monopoly of European and American companies in this field.
5G activates the potential of the Industrial Internet
Wearing special AR glasses, experts in Beijing and Shanghai can also remotely assist the staff in solving various incurable diseases encountered in intelligent manufacturing through the lens of the staff; with the help of 5G technology, intelligent warehousing and intelligent logistics applications have also changed. It becomes smoother… With the accelerated implementation of new infrastructure represented by 5G and industrial Internet, the global industrial wireless network is growing at a rate of 30% per year, and the awareness of “5G + Industrial Internet” among major enterprises has increased rapidly. Especially under the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, more and more enterprises have realized the importance of digital transformation, and their willingness to invest in networking and intelligence has gradually increased.
In terms of data, in recent years, the growth rate of my country’s industrial added value and the total profit of industrial enterprises has shown a slow growth trend. Among the ten major industrial countries such as the United States, Japan, and Germany, only China’s industrial Internet added value accounted for 15.14% of the total Internet added value, and China’s industrial Internet industry penetration rate growth potential big. In 2018, the overall scale of China’s industrial Internet market was 0.74 trillion yuan. In 2021, the overall scale of China’s industrial Internet market will reach 1.08 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 18.2%, and the three-year CAGR will reach 13.4%. It is expected that the scale of China’s industrial Internet market will grow to 1.24 trillion yuan in 2022, a year-on-year increase of 15.4%. According to the 2019 IHS report, 5G will increase global output by 13.2 trillion US dollars by 2035 and increase its contribution to GDP by 7%; McKinsey data shows that the global industrial Internet can generate up to 11.1 trillion US dollars in revenue in 2025 .
From the application point of view, the technical characteristics of 5G enhanced mobile broadband, low latency, high reliability, and large connection and wide coverage can well meet the application requirements of industrial digital transformation for wireless networks. Taking Huawei’s Songshan Hunan factory as an example, in the machine vision quality inspection scene, based on the large bandwidth and low latency of 5G, the AI super computing power on the MEC is connected, and AI quality inspection is effectively introduced into every production line. Taiwan quality inspection equipment. This saves the computing power card of the industrial computer that the original local inspection mode needs to be equipped with, and saves about 3 million yuan in investment for each standard workshop. At the same time, combined with the quality inspection AI algorithm, the detection capability and detection efficiency are greatly improved. Taking the dispensing inspection process as an example, it only takes 1.5 seconds for the whole process from uploading photos to the cloud, to AI completing quality inspection and issuing instructions to the production line quality inspection equipment to perform operations. Let people see the actual dividends created by the integration of 5G + industrial Internet.
In general, the integrated development of 5G and the industrial Internet is a major decision to seize the commanding heights of the new generation of technological revolution. With the in-depth advancement of a new round of scientific and technological revolution, countries around the world have accelerated the R&D and application of 5G technology, and industry is a key application area. At present, my country’s 5G and industrial Internet construction process goes hand in hand with major countries, and is actively exploring the “5G + Industrial Internet” integrated application. Currently, there are mature applications in coal mines, electric power, vision and other fields. It is expected that there will be more and more in the future. applications emerge.