In May of this year, with the end of the British local elections, the Scottish region was in power. “Su Independence” once again came into the eyes of the international community.
The independent party, the Scottish National Party, is quite tenacious. Since 2007, it has won all four elections. Except for the formation of a single majority government in 2011, the other three were able to form a coalition government with the same independent Green Party.
This election has a total of 129 seats, of which the National Party won nearly half, and the Green Party has 8 seats to reign in power.
Movie “Brave Heart” stills
Movie “Brave Heart” stills
Movie “Brave Heart” stills
The Scots are actually closer to the Irish, and the Anglo-Saxon people in England have a history of attacking for nearly a thousand years, and they were originally enemies. It was just a historical opportunity that made the British and Soviet Union unite because of their interests. Now it seems that the moment has come to separate because of their interests.
In 1995, Hollywood released a well-made historical film “Brave Heart”, directed and acting by Mel Gibson, who is of Irish descent, and played the lead role of Scottish star William Wallace. In the movie, William Wallace was brave and good at fighting, especially in the battle of Stirling Bridge, he used the flesh and blood of the infantry to break the English iron cavalry, and he saw the audience’s bloodline debt.
In the movie, Wallace eventually died in the hands of the English, as in the history, but before his death shouted: “Freedom!” This shout was passed to the heart of the Scottish rebel Robert Bruce. He inherited Wallace’s legacy and finally defeated him. Britain, won the freedom Wallace said.
The “freedom” that Wallace shouted was also passed to the hearts of the current Scots. The melodious Scottish bagpipes and the almost exaggerated plaid skirts in the movie impressed the Scots watching the movie. In 1995, “Brave Heart” was broadcast in Scotland throughout the year. The movie hits stimulated the Scottish independence movement, and the independence mood has been raging since.
Forced by public opinion, in 1998, the Labour Party Tony Blair government announced an autonomous reform plan, allowing Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland to establish local councils. Ten years later, the region changed hands to be governed by the pro-independence National Party.
The impact of “Brave Heart” is astonishing in reality, making it a movie hated by the English people: August 4, 2009, “The Times” selected the “Top Ten Most Historically Incorrect Movies”, “Brave Heart” Ranked second; British film magazine “Empire” held the “Top Ten Worst Oscar Best Films” in 2005, and “Brave Heart” ranked first, reflecting its role as a promotional film for Su Du , Is extremely successful.
Bagpipes originated from Celtic culture
”Brave Heart” evokes the historical memory of the Scots against England. So why has Scotland been at war with England for a long time? This requires the timeline to be pushed forward 3000 years, until the earliest ethnic formation in the British Isles.
/ The Anglo-Saxons came from Jutland on the border between Germany and Denmark. /
Princes Street, Edinburgh, Scotland
The terrain of Great Britain is low in the south and high in the north. The conquerors from Europe naturally settled in southern England first, enjoying the more pleasant weather and the fertile plains of England. The indigenous people of the English Plains were the Picts, one of the ancestors of Scotland, but later the Scottish culture was more influenced by the Celts from Europe. The famous Scottish bagpipe is a representative of Celtic culture. Today, one of Scotland’s largest football clubs is called “Celtic”.
Far earlier than the Anglo-Saxons, the ancestors of Scotland arrived in the British Isles in 1000 BC, and the British originally referred to the Celts exclusively. After that, the conquerors continued to land on the island, occupying the fertile plains of England, and drove these natives to Scotland, Wales, and Ireland in the mountains. The Roman Empire also built Hadrian’s Wall to stop the indigenous counterattack.
English people are mostly Anglo-Saxons. The Anglo-Saxons came from Jutland on the border between Germany and Denmark. It is a general term that also includes the Vikings, Germans and other ethnic groups. It wasn’t until the 8th to 10th centuries AD that the Anglo-Saxon nation gradually took shape. They occupied the English plains in the south, and the ancestors of Scotland continued to stay in the Scottish Highlands, so they were also called “Highlanders”.
In Ireland, which is separated from the Scottish waterways, most of the residents are descendants of the Celtics. The Scots have been closer ethnically to the Irish than to the English since ancient times.
Eight hundred years of blood feud
The war between Britain and the Soviet Union lasted intermittently for nearly 800 years, from the 9th century to the 18th century. Especially the era of “The Heart of the Brave” was the most tragic era of war.
In the 13th century when the Gorse Dynasty was strong, England continued to invade Scotland. Especially in Edward I’s years, when it invaded Scotland many times on a large scale, Wallace was the famous general who emerged at this time. At the same time, Scotland has formed an alliance with France, another feud in England, and fought England.
The Soviet and French alliances are also the longest existing alliances in the world, so they are called the “old alliances”. From 1295 to 1560, the “Edinburgh Treaty”, a total of 265 years. This also reflects from the side how determined the Scots are against England.
/ After the discovery of the North Sea oil field, the National Party made the slogan: “The North Sea has no field is an oil field in Scotland!”/
The 800 years of blood and blood feud between Britain and the Soviet Union made a big difference in the folk customs of the two regions. Scotland is in the mountains and England is on the flat land. The former has a rougher folk customs, so there is a world-famous spirit whiskey; English people drink more beer. The two have a distinct national distinction.
The overseas colonies get rich together
The British and Soviet Union formed a blood feud for 800 years, and later merged, purely out of interest. At the end of the 17th century, Scotland suffered a big loss in developing the Panamanian colony in the Americas and was defeated by Spain. As a result, the country was on the verge of bankruptcy.
In the war on the European continent, although Scotland was on the same front with England, participated in the Grand League War, the War of the Spanish Succession, and fought against the “Sun King” Louis XIV, it was not protected by the British navy and its own national strength was insufficient. It has been repeatedly attacked by privateers from Spain and France, and has suffered losses in international competition. Scotland itself lacks a colony, so it hopes to enter the colonial market of England through mergers and make a fortune.
The “merger between Britain and the Soviet Union” was originally due to the combination of interests, but Scotland also contributed many great thinkers to the United Kingdom, such as Adam Smith, the father of capitalism, Keynes, the master of planned economy theory, etc.; Watt, the steam engine reformer, and Bell, the inventor of the telephone. Other historical figures came from Scotland, and they became indispensable talents for Britain to dominate the world at that time.
Following the pace of the British Empire, the Scots made every effort to open up overseas colonies. During the 18th century, they successively opened up colonies in the Far East such as India and Burma. Scottish businessmen became wealthy because of this-the founders of Jardine Matheson and James Madison, who are familiar to the Chinese, and Thomas Susland, the founder of HSBC, are all Scottish. They benefited from the expansion of the British Empire and became a global capital group.
The Decline of the Empire and the Rise of the National Party
The origin of the independence mood in modern Scotland is also closely related to the decline of the British Empire. The Scottish National Party, which now advocates the independence of the Soviet Union, was founded in 1934 at the turn of the two world wars. After the First World War, the British Empire gradually showed fatigue, but the Scottish National Party was not an important force at that time.
After all, a lean camel is bigger than a horse. After World War II, Britain, as the top five of the United Nations Security Council, controls important strongholds such as British Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong, and is still a world-wide empire. Until the 1950s, the East Asian colonies became independent; the African and West Asian colonies also gradually became independent in the 1960s. In the 1970s, the British colonial system overseas basically collapsed.
Scotland joined the United Kingdom because of benefits, and the people’s minds changed after the benefits subsided. In the local elections in 1974, the Scottish National Party won 11 parliamentary seats on an unprecedented scale. The National Party’s propaganda also described England as a burden for Scotland. After the discovery of the North Sea oil field, the National Party slogan: “The North Sea oil field is the oil field of Scotland!”
After that, the National Party continued to expand. However, in the 1990s, the Scottish independence movement was still not a climate. There are two reasons. One is that the United Kingdom joined the European Community in 1973 and later became a member of the European Union, allowing the Scots to find a second economic spring; the other is that Blair promoted parliamentary reforms in 1998 and decentralized power to the localities to establish Scotland and Northern Ireland. As well as the councils of the three places in Wales, local autonomy is satisfied to a certain extent.
But cultural activities made “Su independence” gradually become the mainstream. The Scottish National Party came into power in 2007, and naturally it has something to do with “The Heart of the Brave”. Scottish actor Sean Connery, who played the first generation of 007 agents, is also an active Soviet independence element. He is a member of the National Party and often raises funds for the National Party.
In the past few years, the dividends of Britain’s accession to the European Union have gradually diminished. The economic growth brought about by it has been digested at the beginning of the 21st century, followed by immigration and public security issues.
Today, under the leadership of Johnson, Britain has successfully left the European Union. The marriage between Britain and Soviet Union due to their interests may really come to a break. The combination of interests and the separation of interests are a portrayal of the 300-year history of the merger of Britain and the Soviet Union.