Use calcium preparations and vitamins to guard against urinary stones

Urinary tract (renal calyx, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder and urethra) stones are common and frequently-occurring diseases in my country. Its occurrence is not caused by a single cause, but age, gender, occupation, diet composition and structure, water intake, metabolism and other factors are all related to it. In addition, excessive and long-term use of calcium preparations and vitamin drugs are also causes.

Calcium preparations In recent years, some people are keen on calcium supplementation, especially middle-aged and elderly people with obvious symptoms of osteoporosis. They mistakenly believe that it is caused by low blood calcium, blindly and long-term calcium supplementation without testing, which is easy to cause urinary tract. Stones and their complications. In fact, osteoporosis in the elderly is related to the reduction of activity, sunlight, food intake, etc. The body lacks the protein, amino acids and mucopolysaccharides that constitute the bone matrix, and the formation of bone matrix is ​​less, which can be combined with blood calcium and will inevitably decrease, resulting in bone quality Thin and loose, easy to fracture. At this time, replenishing calcium can easily lead to high blood calcium concentration, and the amount of calcium excretion in the urine will increase significantly, and the accumulation and accumulation will increase to form urinary calculi. Underage children need calcium supplementation, which will not only cause urinary calculi, but also make the epiphysis calcify early and not grow tall.

Vitamin drugs Vitamins play an important role in the growth, metabolism, and development of the human body. Coupled with the variety of vitamin supplements on the market, many people mistakenly believe that more vitamins are better. Even some people are not satisfied with vitamin supplements and turn their attention to vitamin drugs. In this regard, we must first clarify that drugs have their own indications and should be used under the guidance of professional doctors. Secondly, ordinary people do not need additional vitamin supplements if they are not a partial eclipse or a normal diet. Finally, more vitamins are not the better, and overdose can even cause adverse consequences such as poisoning.

Infants and young children once supplemented with 300,000 IU (International Units) of vitamin A can cause acute poisoning, destroying cell membranes and lysosomal membranes, causing skin and mucosal tissue damage, swelling, keratinization, desquamation, and infection; bone deformation and subperiosteal fractures; Bone decalcification, a sharp increase in urine calcium excretion, urinary calcium supersaturation deposition, mutual accumulation of urinary tract stones, damage to kidney and liver function, increased brain pressure, manifested as vomiting, headache, drowsiness, etc. Adults take 80,000 to 100,000 IU vitamin A daily for half a year, or 30,000 to 40,000 IU daily for more than a few years; children take 20,000 IU daily for 6 months, or take cod liver oil for a long time, or eat animal liver frequently. The symptoms of chronic vitamin A poisoning are mainly anorexia, weight loss and urinary tract stones.

Vitamin C can promote the formation of antibodies, relieve the toxic effects of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic on the body, and promote iron absorption. Vitamin C is widely found in fresh vegetables and fruits. Those who are disease-free and have a normal diet can meet the body’s need for vitamin C as long as they eat more green vegetables and fruits every day; Oral 300-600 mg is appropriate; people who are sick, need fasting and have fever, can add 1000-2000 mg of vitamin C injection to 1000 ml of 5% grape physiological saline intravenously, once a day. In short, the daily amount of vitamin C should not exceed 2000 mg. Otherwise, too much vitamin C in the body will cause the urine to excrete a large amount of oxalic acid combined with calcium ions to form calcium oxalate stones.

Urinary calculi can cause mild pain in the waist and abdomen, frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, etc., and even cause urinary tract obstruction, damage the kidney function, cause uremia, and endanger the health and life safety of patients. It requires attention and treatment. The specific treatment plan is determined according to factors such as the size of the stone and the patient’s condition. During the period, pay attention to drinking more water and urinating more.

The prevention of urinary tract stones requires avoiding the above-mentioned inducements, especially the blind long-term use of calcium preparations and vitamin drugs. Remember, for ordinary people with a normal diet, the daily diet can meet the body’s needs for calcium and vitamins, and there is no need to deliberately supplement them.